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* [[Previous releases of Gramps]]
* [[Previous releases of Gramps]]
Revision as of 05:01, 16 August 2018
使用 Gramps 研究、组织及分享你的家谱。
与 GRAMPS 3.4 系列不同的数据格式。全面支持 Python 3，Python 2 已不再支持。使用 GTK+ 3 GUI。很多更新请见：What's new?
这是为那些还在使用 gtk2 的用户推出的最终维护的版本。4.0.x 版本和 3.4.x 版本使用相同的数据库（不是 4.1.x 和 4.2.x），大部分的差异都在于软件接口…
支持所有在 Windows Vista/7 之后的版本。（请注意：Python 3.5 和 Gtk 3.18 停止支持 Windows XP，而不是 Gramp 自身。Gramps 仍然可以在 Windows XP 上运行，但需要使用老版本的程序库，如：Gtk 3.16 和 Python 3.4.4。）
使用 Windows AIO 版本，请使用上面的下载连接。有关各个版本、控制台和调试模式、发行说明等更多信息，请查看这个页面（仅限英文）。
其他独立历史 MS Windows 版本 .
你也可以通过 Gramps Chocolatey 软件包安装 。
Mac OS X
支持苹果 OS X 10.5及以上版本。
Gramps uses a different spell checker than the one provided by Mac OS X, with different spelling dictionary requirements. We can't easily provide dictionaries for all of the supported languages in the bundle, but they're easily downloaded from OpenOffice.org's website. Download the language you want and save it, then navigate to the download in Finder. Most browsers have a downloads window that offers "Show in Finder" in its context menu. Change the file extension from oxt to zip, then from the context menu select Open with... Archive Utility to decompress it. In the decompressed folder or perhaps in a subfolder you'll find the dictionary files in pairs, foo.aff and foo.dic. Some languages have more than one pair with a README file to explain why. Select a pair and copy it to /Library/Dictionaries (you'll have to authenticate with an administrator id and password), and if 'foo' isn't already a language or locale code, make it one. For example, the French package includes several pairs with names like fr-moderne.aff and fr-moderne.dic. The spell checker doesn't recognize those names, so when you copy them to /Library/Dictionaries you must rename them to fr.aff and fr.dic or fr_FR.aff and fr_FR.dic. You can have more than one dictionary pair installed if you use several languages, but one must match the language you use for Gramps or spell checking won't be enabled at all.
Linux live CD Demonstration includes Gramps 3.2.5 pre-installed to trial, without touching anything on the hard drive. To start this boot the Computer with this Live Linux Desktop on a CD in the CD/DVD-ROM Drive. (Requires that you write this image to a CD-ROM using CD-Burner software eg:Nero, Imgburn..). Obtaining the CD (727 MB) Linux Genealogy CD based on Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat). If you are interested in Gramps, but are afraid to actually install it or unable to install it (not your PC, windows, no internet at home, work laptop, ...), then try out our Linux Genealogy CD. It runs without installing on the hard disk and contains a collection of open source, free, genealogy programs. You can then install latest Ubuntu 14.04.3 and Gramps from the CD anytime you like.
Edubuntu 14.04.3 includes Gramps 4.0.3-1 (For information about Edubuntu visit)
You can also try an online demonstration of Gramps on rollApp:
Select Launch Online then Test Drive(Opening/saving files will not be available)
This is a commercial limited trial and not endorsed by the Gramps-project. Beware of third parties having your genealogical data.
Linux and BSD distributions
These packages are built and supported by the distros.
Please report any problems with them to the package maintainer.
Most Linux distributions come bundled with a version of Gramps, though it's not always the most recent version and it may not have been installed by default. Still it is recommended to use the Gramps version that comes with your distribution.
Below are ways to install Gramps on some of the more popular distributions:
|Distribution||GUI Package manager||Current versions||Notes|
|Debian||Add/Remove Software||Debian 7 ("wheezy") (old stable): Gramps 3.4.0
Debian 8 ("jessie")(stable): Gramps 4.1.1
Debian 8 ("jessie")(backports): Gramps 4.2.5
stretch (testing): Gramps 4.2.5
sid (unstable): Gramps 4.2.5
|Ubuntu||Software Centre||Trusty (14.04 LTS): Gramps: 4.0.3
Trusty Backports (14.04 LTS): Gramps: 4.0.4
Xenial (16.04 LTS): Gramps: 4.2.2
Yakkety (16.10): Gramps: 4.2.3
Zesty (Development: 17.04): Gramps: 4.2.5
|Linux Mint||Software Manager||Qiana/Rosa 17(Gramps 4.0.3+dfsg-2)
Sarah/Serena 18(Gramps 4.2.2~dfsg-1)
|Fedora||Add/Remove Software (Gnome)
Software Management (KDE)
|Rawhide (Gramps 4.2.5)
Fedora 26 (Gramps 4.2.5)
Fedora 25 (Gramps 4.2.5)
Fedora 24 (Gramps 4.2.5)
|available versions / Note:The Fedora and Red Hat Projects were merged on September 22, 2003.|
|Mageia||drakrpm (or rpmdrake)||Mageia Caulron: Gramps 4.2.5
Mageia 5.0: Gramps 4.1.3
|Mageia App Db - gramps|
|openSUSE||YaST||openSUSE Tumbleweed: Gramps 4.2.5
openSUSE Leap 42.2: Gramps 4.2.4
openSUSE 13.2: Gramps 4.0.4
See note  : Gramps 4.2 can be installed on Opensuse 13.2 ( if you add the 'openSUSE BuildService - GNOME:Apps' )
|Slackware||14.2: Gramps 3.4.3
14.1: Gramps 4.0.3
slackbuilds.org: Gramps 4.2.5
|NetBSD||NetBSD: Gramps 3.4.4||available versions|
|FreeBSD||FreeBSD: Gramps 4.2.4||available versions|
|TrueOS||PC-BSD: Gramps 3.4.8||2016/09/01 - PC-BSD is now TrueOS|
|OpenBSD||OpenBSD: Gramps 4.2.5||available versions|
|Arch Linux||Gramps 4.2.5||available versions|
|Gentoo Linux||Gramps 4.2.5||available versions|
Linux: Install latest version
If your distribution doesn't ship with Gramps or you wish to install a different version than it ships with, you could try to install the latest version of Gramps manually.
Warning before attempting this use your existing installation to make a Gramps XML backup
This should only be attempted by experienced users, and after you have backed up your Family Tree.
The version of Gramps that has been included in your distribution will have been tested to work with the components in that distribution. If you try to install a different version of Gramps there is a possibility that the components needed for the new version of Gramps are not available for your distribution, or they are available, but don't work properly. You might not discover that there is a problem till you have already done some work with the new version of Gramps.
If you already have Gramps installed, and you are only making a 'point' upgrade (i.e. from Gramps x.y.z to x.y.z+1, e.g. from 3.4.3 to 3.4.4), then it is likely but not certain that Gramps will continue to work. However, if the change is much greater, especially if it is a major version change (e.g. from 2.y.z to 3.y.z), then the danger that it does not work properly is much greater.
For Debian-based linux distributions (Which includes Ubuntu ) Download the .deb file. Double-click on the downloaded .deb file or (for some distributions, e.g. Mint Debian) run the following command from the directory where the file was saved (change the filename to match the one you downloaded).
sudo dpkg -i python3-gramps_5.1.4-1_all.deb
If you have an error about having unmet dependencies run:
sudo apt-get -f install
to install the dependencies.
Useful command lines
Before upgrading you can:
- Find out what version you are running, by using this:
dpkg-query -s python3-gramps
that queries the package and gives you info about it.
- If you are committed to an upgrade then make sure you have backed up you Family Trees to Gramps XML then run :
sudo dpkg -r python3-gramps
this will remove the current gramps package (assuming its a python3 version older versions could be python-gramps )
- To stop Ubuntu updating gramps (to possibly an older version from Ubuntu!) you may need to run:
sudo apt-mark hold gramps
Upgrade is then complete.
For other distributions
For other distributions, the source and follow the instructions for Linux:Build from source
 Backup to Gramps XML. You will find backup in the Family Tree menu of recent Gramps versions, otherwise use export in the same menu but uncheck privacy options in the Exporter Assistant in order to export all data. See : How to make a backup
 Alternatively, you can click and hold on the disk icon at the top of the window of the mounted disk, and then option-drag to the Applications folder. This will create a new folder containing all the files, including the README and NEWS.
 An alternative independent Legacy version is GrampsPortable_5.1.4.paf.exe (29.0 MB) Portable Gramps from PortableApps.com includes all dependencies required for Windows. Note:You can install it on C: then to run Gramps type C:\PortableApps\GrampsPortable\GrampsPortable.exe (Or the path you installed it to) or make a shortcut to that file on your desktop or start-menu. By Bart.S - Please report packaging issues to the author. (2012-09-07)
 Chocolatey NuGet is a Machine Package Manager, somewhat like apt-get, but built with Windows in mind. Gramps Chocolatey Package