Difference between revisions of "Translation environment4"

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m (Usage: ling to Languages portal, that has a list of language codes)
 
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{{man note|Current|This page describes the current translation environment used for Gramps '''4.0.x''' to Gramps master.}}
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{{man note|Current|This page describes the current translation environment used for Gramps '''4.0.x''' to Gramps '''5.1.x'''.}}
  
==How it works==
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==Usage==
  
* Recommended way: python, ElementTree[http://docs.python.org/library/xml.etree.elementtree.html] and xgettext[http://www.gnu.org/savannah-checkouts/gnu/gettext/manual/html_node/xgettext-Invocation.html]
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To generate an updated translation template catalog eg:<code>gramps.pot</code>:
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python update_po.py -p
  
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Update the existing translation <code>xx.po</code> file where ''xx'' is your [[Portal:Translators|language code]]:
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python update_po.py -m it.po
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    Merge it.po with current template.... done.
 +
    Updated file: 'updated_it.po'.
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 +
{{stub}}
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The python program <code>update_po.py</code>, is a parser that uses [http://docs.python.org/library/xml.etree.elementtree.html ElementTree] and [http://www.gnu.org/savannah-checkouts/gnu/gettext/manual/html_node/xgettext-Invocation.html xgettext].
 +
 +
<pre>
 
  python update_po.py -h
 
  python update_po.py -h
 
  python update_po.py --help
 
  python update_po.py --help
 +
    usage: update_po.py [-h] [-t] [-x] [-g] [-c] [-p] [-m {all, xx.po}] [-k {all, xx.po}] [-u {xx.po}] [-f {xx.po}]
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 +
    This program generates a new template and also provides some common features.
 +
 +
    optional arguments:
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      -h, --help            show this help message and exit
 +
      -t, --test            test if 'python' and 'gettext' are properly installed
 +
      -x, --xml            extract messages from xml based file formats
 +
      -g, --glade          extract messages from glade file format only
 +
      -c, --clean          remove created files
 +
      -p, --pot            create a new catalog
 +
 +
    Update:
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      Maintenance around translations
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      -m                    merge lang.po files with last catalog
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      -k                    check lang.po files
 +
 +
    Translation:
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      Display content of translations file
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      -u                    list untranslated messages
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      -f                    list fuzzy messages
 +
 
  python update_po.py [options]
 
  python update_po.py [options]
 +
</pre>
  
For generating a new template:
 
python update_po.py -p
 
  
 
* ''parser'' generates a new template and also provides some common features.
 
* ''parser'' generates a new template and also provides some common features.
Line 27: Line 59:
  
 
==== Alternate ways ====
 
==== Alternate ways ====
* One way: intltool (perl), gettext
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* Using: intltool (perl), gettext
  
 
  intltool-update -p
 
  intltool-update -p
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* xgettext and shell
 
* xgettext and shell
  
  genpot.sh
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  [https://github.com/gramps-project/gramps/blob/master/po/genpot.sh genpot.sh]
  
 
===Files and directory===
 
===Files and directory===
Line 94: Line 126:
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
* [[Translating Gramps]]
 
* [[Translating Gramps]]
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* [[Translation environment22]]
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* [[Translation environment4]]
 
* See [[GEPS 026: Replace 'make' for Gramps build|Replace make]]. ''completed in 2012 for the release of Gramps 4.0''
 
* See [[GEPS 026: Replace 'make' for Gramps build|Replace make]]. ''completed in 2012 for the release of Gramps 4.0''
  
 
[[Category:Translators/Categories]]
 
[[Category:Translators/Categories]]
 
[[Category:Developers/General]]
 
[[Category:Developers/General]]

Latest revision as of 16:24, 28 June 2021

Gramps-notes.png
Current

This page describes the current translation environment used for Gramps 4.0.x to Gramps 5.1.x.

Usage

To generate an updated translation template catalog eg:gramps.pot:

python update_po.py -p

Update the existing translation xx.po file where xx is your language code:

python update_po.py -m it.po
    Merge it.po with current template.... done.
    Updated file: 'updated_it.po'.
Gramps-notes.png

Please update or expand this section.


The python program update_po.py, is a parser that uses ElementTree and xgettext.

 python update_po.py -h
 python update_po.py --help
     usage: update_po.py [-h] [-t] [-x] [-g] [-c] [-p] [-m {all, xx.po}] [-k {all, xx.po}] [-u {xx.po}] [-f {xx.po}]

     This program generates a new template and also provides some common features.

     optional arguments:
       -h, --help            show this help message and exit
       -t, --test            test if 'python' and 'gettext' are properly installed
       -x, --xml             extract messages from xml based file formats
       -g, --glade           extract messages from glade file format only
       -c, --clean           remove created files
       -p, --pot             create a new catalog

     Update:
       Maintenance around translations
       -m                    merge lang.po files with last catalog
       -k                    check lang.po files

     Translation:
       Display content of translations file
       -u                    list untranslated messages
       -f                    list fuzzy messages

 python update_po.py [options]


  • parser generates a new template and also provides some common features.
    • test flag (-t) will test if 'python' and 'gettext' are properly installed.
  • extract options are everything around extraction for message strings.
    • xml flag (-x) will extract messages from xml based, ini and desktop files.
    • glade flag (-g) will extract messages from glade file format only.
    • clean flag (-c) will remove created files.
    • pot flag (-p) will create a new catalog.
  • update options are everything around update for translation file(s).
    • merge flag (-m) will merge lang.po file(s) with last catalog.
    • check flag (-k) will check lang.po file(s), will try to compile and will also use check_po script.
  • translation options provide some information about one translation file.
    • untranslate flag (-u) will list untranslated messages on lang.po file.
    • fuzzy flag (-f) will list fuzzy messages on lang.po file.

Alternate ways

  • Using: intltool (perl), gettext
intltool-update -p

which should be considered as incomplete, see differences between tools.

  • xgettext and shell
genpot.sh

Files and directory

Like with previous environment, we need to list files with translation strings for retrieving messages and generating a 'po/gramps.pot' file. Process is now only using gettext and python.

  • gettext, 'POTFILES.in' and 'POTFILES.skip' files

If you want a script to take your translatable strings into account, you must add your source file path in the file : po/POTFILES.in. For this report example, you should add:

...
gramps/plugins/leak.py
gramps/plugins/mediamanager.py
gramps/plugins/myreport.py                # <------
gramps/plugins/narrativeweb.py
gramps/plugins/patchnames.py
...

We can still check if some references are missing via:

$ intltool-update -m

Translating man pages

You can also translate the man pages (short for manual page a form of software documentation on Linux systems) into your own language.

For the development version (master branch) you can find the required starting files under the directory /data/man.

You need at least docutils package.

Some of the files you will find in the data/man directory are:

  • update_man.py
  • en.rst
  • gramps.1

First off all you must make a directory for your language under data/man.

cd data/man

and on Linux run the following command mkdir xx

where xx is your two letter language code (fr for French, sv for Swedish, etc.)

Next step is to copy the en.rst from data/man to your new directory and rename it to your language code eg: fr.rst for French.

Then translate all relevant strings in the data/man/xx/xx.rst file.

Edit the file data/man/update_man.py and search for following line LANGUAGES = ['sv', 'nl', 'pl', 'cs', 'pt_BR', 'fr', 'xx'] where 'xx' is your new language. Save the file.

Run data/man/update_man.py: $ python update_man.py -m

All changes must be committed and pushed to your server (You should use Git. See the introduction to Git.):

git commit -am "Add man page for xx"
git push

To see the result of your work, do:$ man xx/gramps.1

See also