Difference between revisions of "Sources"

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{{languages|sources}}
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Sources play a key role in [[genealogy]].
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==Definition==
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A source is ''anything'' (personal testimony, video recording, photograph, newspaper column, gravestone...) from which (genealogical) information can be derived.
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It is useful to make the following distinctions between sources:
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#Primary source: firsthand evidence of history, made at the time of the [[Events_in_GRAMPS|event]]. For example, diaries, certificates, newspapers, ...
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#Secondary source: accounts of history based upon primary and secondary sources, offering commentary and analysis, such as history books, genealogical publications,...
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#Tertiary source: a selection and compilation from primary and secondary sources. For example, library catalogues, bibliographies, ...
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== Most important genealogical sources ==
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=== Official documents ===
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* [[Birth certificate]]s
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* Still births
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* Marriage certificates
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* Divorces
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* [[Death certificate]]s
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* Official name changes
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* Naturalization records
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=== Religious documents ===
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* [[Baptise record|Baptism records]]
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* Marriage records
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* Burial records
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=== Legal documents ===
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* Court cases
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* Notary documents
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* Probate records
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=== Migration ===
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* Passenger lists
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* Record of landing
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=== Residences ===
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* [[Census]] records
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* Property documents
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* Phone books
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* City directories
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=== Final resting places ===
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* Cemetery list of interments
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* War graves
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=== Military ===
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* Enlistment lists
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* [[Draft lottery|Draft lottery documents]]
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* Medals
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* MIA - Missing in Action
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* Deserters
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* Pension applications
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=== Personal Documents ===
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* Diaries
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* Correspondence
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* Household bills
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== Other Possible Sources ==
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* Bibles
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* Stories
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* Publications
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* Photos
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* Employment information
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* Medical records
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* DNA
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* Voter registration records
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* Genealogical society records
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* Oral recordings
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[[Category:Sources]]

Revision as of 01:53, 9 May 2010

Sources play a key role in genealogy.

Definition

A source is anything (personal testimony, video recording, photograph, newspaper column, gravestone...) from which (genealogical) information can be derived.

It is useful to make the following distinctions between sources:

  1. Primary source: firsthand evidence of history, made at the time of the event. For example, diaries, certificates, newspapers, ...
  2. Secondary source: accounts of history based upon primary and secondary sources, offering commentary and analysis, such as history books, genealogical publications,...
  3. Tertiary source: a selection and compilation from primary and secondary sources. For example, library catalogues, bibliographies, ...

Most important genealogical sources

Official documents

Religious documents

Legal documents

  • Court cases
  • Notary documents
  • Probate records

Migration

  • Passenger lists
  • Record of landing

Residences

  • Census records
  • Property documents
  • Phone books
  • City directories

Final resting places

  • Cemetery list of interments
  • War graves

Military

Personal Documents

  • Diaries
  • Correspondence
  • Household bills

Other Possible Sources

  • Bibles
  • Stories
  • Publications
  • Photos
  • Employment information
  • Medical records
  • DNA
  • Voter registration records
  • Genealogical society records
  • Oral recordings