Nl:Gramps 3.0 Wiki Handleiding - Opdrachtregel

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Deze appendix behandelt de mogelijkheden van de opdrachtregel wanneer u GRAMPS opstart via een terminal-venster.

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Opmerking

GRAMPS werd ontwikkeld om een volledig interactief programma te zijn. Daarom gebruikt GRAMPS een grafische schil en kan dan ook niet gedraaid worden via een terminal met enkel tekst. Het zou trouwens een enorme inspanning vergen om zo een programma te kunen draaien in een terminal met enkel tekst. Om precies die reden zijn een aantal opdrachtregels beschikbaar, maar ook daar is er geen volledige onafhankelijkheid van de grafische schermen. De opdrachtregels maken sommige typische taken eenvoudiger. Het laat de gebrukker toe om bepaalde scripts te draaien. Maar de grafische schil moet steeds bereikbaar zijn!

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Tip

Samengevat: de opdrachtregels bieden een soort van niet-actief gedrag, maar de afhankelijkheid van de grafische schermen blijft bestaan. Aan u de beslissing om opdrachtregels te gebruiken of niet!



Gnome-important.png Special copyright notice: All edits to this page need to be under two different copyright licenses:

These licenses allow the Gramps project to maximally use this wiki manual as free content in future Gramps versions. If you do not agree with this dual license, then do not edit this page. You may only link to other pages within the wiki which fall only under the GFDL license via external links (using the syntax: [http://www.gramps-project.org/...]), not via internal links.<br\> Also, only use the known conventions


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Beschikbare opties

This section provides the reference list of all command line options available in GRAMPS. If you want to know more than just a list of options, see next sections: Operation and Examples.

Formaatopties

Het bestandsformaat dat gebruikt moet worden om bestanden te openen, te importeren of te exporteren kan bepaald worden door de

-f 

format optie te gebruiken. Welke formaten gebruikt kunnen worden wordt aangegeven in onderstaand lijstje:


  • grdb GRAMPS-bestand: dit formaat is beschikbaar voor openen, importeren en exporteren. Wanneer niet expliciet vermeld kan de bestandsnaam afgeleid worden via de .grdb-extensie.
  • gramps-xml GRAMPS XML bestand: dit formaat is beschikbaar voor openen, importeren en exporteren. Wanneer niet expliciet vermeld kan de bestandsnaam afgeleid worden via de .gramps-extensie.
  • gedcom GEDCOM bestand: dit formaat is beschikbaar voor openen, importeren en exporteren. Wanneer niet expliciet vermeld kan de bestandsnaam afgeleid worden via de .ged-extensie.
  • gramps-pkg GRAMPS pakket: dit formaat is beschikbaar voor importeren en exporteren. Wanneer niet expliciet vermeld kan de bestandsnaam afgeleid worden via de .gpkg-extensie.
  • geneweb GeneWeb bestand: dit formaat is beschikbaar voor importeren en exporteren. Wanneer niet expliciet vermeld kan de bestandsnaam afgeleid worden via de .gw-extensie.
  • wft Web Family Tree bestand: dit formaat is enkel geschikt voor export. Bestandnaam eindigt op .wft
  • iso cd-beeld: dit formaat is enkel geschikt voor export. Het moet steeds uitdrukkelijk opgegeven worden.

Opstartopties

There are two ways to give GRAMPS the name of the file to be opened:

  • supply bare file name
  • use this option :
    -O filename
    or
    --open=filename 

-O, Open of a family tree. This can be done also by just typing the name (name or database dir)

Examples:

python gramps.py 'Family Tree 1'
python gramps.py /home/cristina/.gramps/grampsdb/47320f3d
python gramps.py -O 'Family Tree 1'
python gramps.py -O /home/cristina/.gramps/grampsdb/47320f3d

If the filename is given without any option flag, the attempt to open the file will be made, and then the interactive GRAMPS session will be launched.

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Tip

If no option is given, just the file name, GRAMPS will ignore the rest of the command line arguments. Use the -O flag to open the file and do something with the data.


The format can be specified with the
-f format
or
--format=format
option, immediately following the filename . If not specified, the guess will be attempted based on the filename. Format possible: 'gedcom','gramps-xml','gramps-pkg', 'grdb','geneweb'.
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Tip

Only grdb, gramps-xml, and gedcom formats can be opened directly. For other formats, you will need to use the import option which will set up the empty database and then import data into it.


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Tip

Only a single file can be opened. If you need to combine data from several sources, you will need to use the import option.


Importopties

The files destined for import can be specified with the
-i filename
or
--import=filename
option. The format can be specified with the
-f format
or
--format=format
option, immediately following the filename . If not specified, the guess will be attempted based on the filename.

Example:

  python gramps.py -i 'Family Tree 1' -i 'Family Tree 2'
  python gramps.py -i test.grdb -i data.gramps
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Tip

More than one file can be imported in one command. If this is the case, GRAMPS will incorporate the data from the next file into the database available at the moment.


When more than one input file is given, each has to be preceded by
-i
flag. The files are imported in the specified order, i.e.
 -i file1 -i file2 
and
 -i file2 -i file1 
might produce different GRAMPS IDs in the resulting database.

Exportopties

The files destined for export can be specified with the
-o filename
or
--output=filename
option. The format can be specified with the
-f
option immediately following the filename . If not specified, the guess will be attempted based on the filename . For iso format, the filename is actually the name of directory the GRAMPS database will be written into. For grdb, gramps-xml, gedcom, wft, geneweb, and gramps-pkg, the filename is the name of the resulting file.

-o, output a family tree in required format. It is not possible to export to a family tree.

Example:

 python gramps.py -i 'Family Tree 1' -i test.grdb -f grdb -o mergdeDB.gramps

Note that above does not change 'Family Tree 1' as everything happens via a temporary database, whereas:

 python gramps.py -O 'Family Tree 1' -i test.grdb -f grdb -o mergdeDB.gramps

will import test.grdb into Family Tree 1, and then export to a file !

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Exporting more files

More than one file can be exported in one command. If this is the case, GRAMPS will attempt to write several files using the data from the database available at the moment.


When more than one output file is given, each has to be preceded by
-o
flag. The files are written one by one, in the specified order.

Actieopties

The action to perform on the imported data can be specified with the
-a action
or
--action=action
option. This is done after all imports are successfully completed.

Currently available actions are:

  • summary: This action is the same as Reports ->View ->Summary
  • check: This action is the same as Tools ->Database Processing ->Check and Repair .
  • tool: This action allow to run a tool from a command line.
  • report: This action allows producing reports from the command line. As reports generally have many options of their own, this action should be followed by the report option string. The string is given using the
    -p option_string
    or
    --options=option_string
    option.
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Report option string

The report option string should satisfy the following conditions:It must not contain any spaces. If some arguments need to include spaces, the string should be enclosed with quotation marks. Option string must list pairs of option names and values. Within a pair, option name and value must be separated by the equal sign. Different pairs must be separated by commas.


Most of the report options are specific for every report. However, there some common options.

  • name=report_name: This mandatory option determines which report will be generated. If the supplied report_name does not correspond to any available report, the error message will be printed followed by the list of available reports.
  • show=all: This will produce the list of names for all options available for a given report.
  • show=option_name: This will print the description of the functionality supplied by the option_name, as well as what are the acceptable types and values for this option.

Use the above options to find out everything about a given report.

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Tip

If an option is not supplied, the last used value will be used. If this report has never been generated before, then the value from last generated report will be used when applicable. Otherwise, the default value will be used.


When more than one output action is given, each has to be preceded by
-a
flag. The actions are performed one by one, in the specified order.

Lijstopties

-l, print a list of known family trees

Werking

If the first argument on the command line does not start with dash (i.e. no flag), GRAMPS will attempt to open the file with the name given by the first argument and start interactive session, ignoring the rest of the command line arguments.

If the
-O
flag is given, then GRAMPS will try opening the supplied file name and then work with that data, as instructed by the further command line parameters.
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Note

Only one file can be opened in a single invocation of GRAMPS. If you need to get data from multiple sources, use the importing options by using
-i
flag.
With or without the
-O
flag, there could be multiple imports, exports, and actions specified further on the command line by using
-i
,
-o
, and
-a
flags. The order of
-i
,
-o
, or
-a
options with respect to each does not matter. The actual execution order always is: all imports (if any) -> all exports (if any) -> all actions (if any).

'

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Note

But opening must always be first!

If no
-O
or
-i
option is given, GRAMPS will launch its main window and start the usual interactive session with the empty database, since there is no data to process, anyway. If no
-o
or
-a
options are given, GRAMPS will launch its main window and start the usual interactive session with the database resulted from opening and all imports (if any). This database resides in the import_db.grdb file under the ~/.gramps/import/ directory.

Any errors encountered during import, export, or action, will be either dumped to stdout (if these are exceptions handled by GRAMPS) or to stderr (if these are not handled). Use usual shell redirections of stdout and stderr to save messages and errors in files.

Voorbeelden

  • To import four databases (whose formats can be determined from their names) and then check the resulting database for errors, one may type:
gramps -i file1.ged -i file2.gpkg -i ~/db3.gramps -i file4.wft -a check
  • To explicitly specify the formats in the above example, append filenames with appropriate -f options:
gramps -i file1.ged -f gedcom -i file2.gpkg -f gramps-pkg -i ~/db3.gramps -f gramps-xml -i file4.wft -f wft -a check
  • To record the database resulting from all imports, supply -o flag (use -f if the filename does not allow GRAMPS to guess the format):
gramps -i file1.ged -i file2.gpkg -o ~/new-package -f gramps-pkg
  • To save any error messages of the above example into files outfile and errfile, run:
gramps -i file1.ged -i file2.dpkg -o ~/new-package -f gramps-pkg >outfile 2>errfile 
  • To import three databases and start interactive GRAMPS session with the result:
gramps -i file1.ged -i file2.gpkg -i ~/db3.gramps 
  • To open a database and, based on that data, generate timeline report in PDF format putting the output into the my_timeline.pdf file:
gramps -O file.grdb -a report -p name=timeline,off=pdf,of=my_timeline.pdf 
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Timeline report options

Use the name=timeline,show=all to find out about all available options for the timeline report. To find out details of a particular option, use show=option_name , e.g. name=timeline,show=off string. To learn about available report names, use name=show<tt> string.


  • To convert a grdb on the fly to a .gramps xml file:
gramps -O myoriginal.grdb -o output.gramps -f gramps-xml
  • Finally, to start normal interactive session type:
gramps 

Omgeveingsvariabelen

GRAMPS can take advantage of these environment variables (but do not change them if you do not know what are you doing):

  • GRAMPSHOME - if set, override default path to profile allowing user to use ex. network drive to store data and all settings.
  • LANG - is used by GRAMPS to determine which language file should be loaded.


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