Difference between revisions of "Gramps Glossary"

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:*  Date
 
:*  Date
 
:*  Street Address
 
:*  Street Address
 +
:*  Locality
 
:*  City
 
:*  City
 
:*  County
 
:*  County
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;aide: (''event role'') A term to refer to an assistant.
 
;aide: (''event role'') A term to refer to an assistant.
 +
 +
;anglicisation:
 +
: process of making something English
 +
 +
;attribute: (''sec. obj.'') Attributes are for something permanent, or at least somewhat permanent: eye color, blood type, etc. Usually you would have not more than one of each attribute type for a person/family/etc.
  
 
==B==
 
==B==
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==D==
 
==D==
 +
;date: (sec. obj.) Dates in Gramps are much more complex than just a month, day, and year. Dates are always in a particular calendar, can span a time frame, can be approximate, and have support for many other subtleties specific to genealogy data.
 +
 +
;DNA:
 +
# acronym: '''d'''eoxyribo'''n'''ucleic '''a'''cid
 +
# a nucleic acid that carries genetic information
 +
 
;DTD: acronym: '''D'''ocument '''T'''ype '''D'''efinition
 
;DTD: acronym: '''D'''ocument '''T'''ype '''D'''efinition
  
 
==E==
 
==E==
;event: A defining moment in a person's life. See [[events in Gramps|events]] for the use in genealogy, for predefined events in Gramps and suggested naming for common events.
+
;event: (prim. obj) A defining moment in a person's life. See [[events in Gramps|events]] for the use in genealogy, for predefined events in Gramps and suggested naming for common events.
 
;event role: The role a person plays in an event. In Gramps an event can be linked to as many people as desired. Each person will play a different role. Event role captures this. Some common roles are predefined, others the user can add by just typing in the appropriate role.
 
;event role: The role a person plays in an event. In Gramps an event can be linked to as many people as desired. Each person will play a different role. Event role captures this. Some common roles are predefined, others the user can add by just typing in the appropriate role.
 
;event type: The general denominator an event belongs to. Eg a christian, civil, tibetan, ... marriage, are all denoted by the event type ''marriage''. See [[events in Gramps]] for an overview.
 
;event type: The general denominator an event belongs to. Eg a christian, civil, tibetan, ... marriage, are all denoted by the event type ''marriage''. See [[events in Gramps]] for an overview.
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==L==
 
==L==
 
==M==
 
==M==
 +
;matronym:
 +
: personal name based on the name of one's mother
 +
 
==N==
 
==N==
 
==O==
 
==O==
 
==P==
 
==P==
;Place: (''prim. obj.'')The Gramps concept of a Place is a particular location independent of time. Over time, the same Place may have different address information due to changing borders and political situation. For example, Leningrad and St. Petersburg represent the same place, but with different names. The Place consists of:
+
;patronym:
 +
: personal name based on the name of one's father
 +
 
 +
;Place: (''prim. obj.'')The Gramps concept of a Place is a particular location independent of time. Over time, the same Place may have different address information due to changing borders and political situation. For example, Leningrad and St. Petersburg represent the same place, but with different names. Places in Gramps are stored in a hierarchy. A Place consists of:
 
:*  Descriptive Title
 
:*  Descriptive Title
 +
:*  Name
 +
:*  Type (such as country, state, county ...)
 
:*  Longitude/Latitude
 
:*  Longitude/Latitude
:*  A list of location information that includes
+
:*  Code (such as a country code or postal code)
:**    Street Address
+
:* A list of alternative names for the place
:**    City
+
:* A list of regions which enclose the place
:**    County
+
:**    Church Parish
+
:**    State/Province
+
:**    Postal/Zip Code
+
:**    Country
+
:**    Phone
+
  
;primary object: Primary objects are the fundamental objects in the Gramps database. These objects are:
+
;primary object: Primary objects are the top level objects. They contain a hierarchy of secondary objects, and can be referenced by other primary or secondary objects. In the Gramps database, primary objects and the secondary objects that they contain are stored as separate records. Each primary object type is stored in a separate table. See [[Using_database_API#Primary_Objects|Using database API, Primary Objects]] (see also ''secondary object'')
 +
 
 +
: The primary objects are:
 
:* Person - Contains the information specific to an individual person.
 
:* Person - Contains the information specific to an individual person.
 
:* Family - Contains the information specific to relationships between people. This typically contains one or two parents and zero or more children.
 
:* Family - Contains the information specific to relationships between people. This typically contains one or two parents and zero or more children.
:* Source - Contains the information related to a source of information.
+
:* Event - Contains the information related to an event.
 
:* Place - Contains the information related to a specific place.
 
:* Place - Contains the information related to a specific place.
:* Media Object - Contains the information related to a media object. This includes images, documents, or any other type of related files.
+
:* Repository - Contains the information related to a repository.
:* Event - Contains the information related to an event. The event is treated as a primary object in the database, it currently does not appear as a primary object to the end user.  
+
:* Source - Contains the information related to a source of information.
: Primary objects are treated as tables within the database. Individual components that compose the primary object are stored as individual items in the database.  See [http://gramps-project.org/wiki/index.php?title=Using_database_API#Primary_Objects Using database API, Primary Objects] (see also ''secondary object'')
+
:* Citation - Contains the information related to a citation into a source.
 +
:* Media - Contains the information related to a media object. This includes images, documents, or any other type of related files.
 +
:* Note - Contains the information related to a note.
  
 
==Q==
 
==Q==
 
==R==
 
==R==
 
;role: ''see event role''
 
;role: ''see event role''
 +
 +
;romanization:
 +
: linguistic representation of a word in the Roman (Latin) alphabet
 +
 
==S==
 
==S==
;Secondary object: (see also ''primary object'')
+
;secondary object: Secondary objects are contained within other objects, and cannot be referenced directly. They can contain other secondary objects. Examples include:  Name, Date and Address. See [[Using_database_API#Secondary_Objects|Using database API, Secondary Objects]] (see also ''primary object'')
  
 
==T==
 
==T==

Latest revision as of 13:23, 6 October 2014

This Glossary gives an overview of terms that appear in Gramps, with a short description, and a link to relevant articles.

For a glossary of genealogical terms, see Genealogy Glossary.

A

address
(sec. obj.) The Gramps concept of an Address is a particular location with an associated time frame. Think of it as a mailing address. It is intended to represent where a person lived and when the person lived there. The Address consists:
  • Date
  • Street Address
  • Locality
  • City
  • County
  • State/Province
  • Postal/Zip code
  • Country
  • Phone
Not to be confused with a place which has a fixed position (it's location). Use this with care. For genealogical research you can also use the residence event coupled with a place. For mailing (email, postal), add an address to a person or repository.
aide
(event role) A term to refer to an assistant.
anglicisation
process of making something English
attribute
(sec. obj.) Attributes are for something permanent, or at least somewhat permanent: eye color, blood type, etc. Usually you would have not more than one of each attribute type for a person/family/etc.

B

bride
(event role) A term to refer to the woman at a marriage who will be referred to as wife after the marriage. See also: mother.

C

celebrant
(event role) A term to refer to a priest at Eucharist.
clergy
(event role) A term applied to a religious person regardless of religion. For example, a monk or priest. See http://www.webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary for more details. See also: celebrant.
custom
This indicates a user defined type, as opposed to types that are predefined in Gramps.

D

date
(sec. obj.) Dates in Gramps are much more complex than just a month, day, and year. Dates are always in a particular calendar, can span a time frame, can be approximate, and have support for many other subtleties specific to genealogy data.
DNA
  1. acronym: deoxyribonucleic acid
  2. a nucleic acid that carries genetic information
DTD
acronym: Document Type Definition

E

event
(prim. obj) A defining moment in a person's life. See events for the use in genealogy, for predefined events in Gramps and suggested naming for common events.
event role
The role a person plays in an event. In Gramps an event can be linked to as many people as desired. Each person will play a different role. Event role captures this. Some common roles are predefined, others the user can add by just typing in the appropriate role.
event type
The general denominator an event belongs to. Eg a christian, civil, tibetan, ... marriage, are all denoted by the event type marriage. See events in Gramps for an overview.

F

family
(prim. obj) A Family is a core concept in Gramps. It depicts the basic relations between people. Commonly this will contain a father, a mother and some children, however, it con also contain only parts of this (eg. two brothers, a mother and child). People can be part of several families (adoption, remarried, ...)
family
(event role) An event can be coupled to a family, denoting that the entire family was involved in the event. Typically the Marriage event will be coupled to a family with event role family

G

GEDCOM
  1. acronym: Genealogy Data Communication
  2. a format for exchanging genealogy data
groom
(event role) A term to refer to the man at a marriage who will be referred to as husband after the marriage. See also: father.

H

I

J

K

L

M

matronym
personal name based on the name of one's mother

N

O

P

patronym
personal name based on the name of one's father
Place
(prim. obj.)The Gramps concept of a Place is a particular location independent of time. Over time, the same Place may have different address information due to changing borders and political situation. For example, Leningrad and St. Petersburg represent the same place, but with different names. Places in Gramps are stored in a hierarchy. A Place consists of:
  • Descriptive Title
  • Name
  • Type (such as country, state, county ...)
  • Longitude/Latitude
  • Code (such as a country code or postal code)
  • A list of alternative names for the place
  • A list of regions which enclose the place
primary object
Primary objects are the top level objects. They contain a hierarchy of secondary objects, and can be referenced by other primary or secondary objects. In the Gramps database, primary objects and the secondary objects that they contain are stored as separate records. Each primary object type is stored in a separate table. See Using database API, Primary Objects (see also secondary object)
The primary objects are:
  • Person - Contains the information specific to an individual person.
  • Family - Contains the information specific to relationships between people. This typically contains one or two parents and zero or more children.
  • Event - Contains the information related to an event.
  • Place - Contains the information related to a specific place.
  • Repository - Contains the information related to a repository.
  • Source - Contains the information related to a source of information.
  • Citation - Contains the information related to a citation into a source.
  • Media - Contains the information related to a media object. This includes images, documents, or any other type of related files.
  • Note - Contains the information related to a note.

Q

R

role
see event role
romanization
linguistic representation of a word in the Roman (Latin) alphabet

S

secondary object
Secondary objects are contained within other objects, and cannot be referenced directly. They can contain other secondary objects. Examples include: Name, Date and Address. See Using database API, Secondary Objects (see also primary object)

T

U

V

W

witness
(event role) The term that applies to the people asked to be present at an event so as to be able to testify to its having taken place

X

XML
acronym: Extensible Markup Language

Y

Z