Difference between revisions of "Gramps Glossary"

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==B==
 
==B==
;bride: (''[[#event_role|event role]]'') A term to refer to the woman a marriage ceremony who will have the role of ''wife'' in the marriage. See also: ''mother''.  
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;<span id="bride">bride</span>: (''[[#event_role|event role]]'') A term to refer to the woman a marriage ceremony who will have the role of ''wife'' in the marriage. See also: ''mother''.  
  
 
==C==
 
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==D==
 
==D==
;date: (''[[#secondary_object|sec. obj.]]'') - Dates in Gramps are much more complex than just a month, day, and year. Dates are always in a [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Entering_and_editing_data:_detailed_-_part_1#Calendars|particular calendar]], can span a time frame, the [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Entering_and_editing_data:_detailed_-_part_1#Date_Quality|Date Quality]] can be approximate, and have support for many other subtleties specific to genealogy data.  
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;<span id="date">date</span>: (''[[#secondary_object|sec. obj.]]'') - Dates in Gramps are much more complex than just a month, day, and year. Dates are always in a [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Entering_and_editing_data:_detailed_-_part_1#Calendars|particular calendar]], can span a time frame, the [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Entering_and_editing_data:_detailed_-_part_1#Date_Quality|Date Quality]] can be approximate, and have support for many other subtleties specific to genealogy data.  
  
;DNA:
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;<span id="dna">DNA</span>:
 
# acronym: '''d'''eoxyribo'''n'''ucleic '''a'''cid
 
# acronym: '''d'''eoxyribo'''n'''ucleic '''a'''cid
 
# a nucleic acid that carries genetic information
 
# a nucleic acid that carries genetic information
  
;DTD: acronym: '''D'''ocument '''T'''ype '''D'''efinition
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;<span id="">DTD: acronym: '''D'''ocument '''T'''ype '''D'''efinition
  
 
==E==
 
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# a format for exchanging genealogical data. The <abbr title="an open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed such as 'open process.' There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage.">open</abbr> specification for the GEDCOM format was developed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) as an aid to genealogical research. The last standard release was version 5.5 in 1996 with a 5.5.1 draft update presented for comment in 1999. As an Open Standard, there are extensive and constantly changing incompatibilities between implementations and data loss when transferring GEDCOM formatted data between competing software tools is common.  
 
# a format for exchanging genealogical data. The <abbr title="an open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed such as 'open process.' There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage.">open</abbr> specification for the GEDCOM format was developed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) as an aid to genealogical research. The last standard release was version 5.5 in 1996 with a 5.5.1 draft update presented for comment in 1999. As an Open Standard, there are extensive and constantly changing incompatibilities between implementations and data loss when transferring GEDCOM formatted data between competing software tools is common.  
  
;Gramps: [https://gramps-project.org/blog/features/ Gramps] is an open-source genealogy program, a free software project and community. <br />''The [https://gramps-project.org/introduction-WP/2006/04/looking-back-over-5-years/ reverse engineered] '''GRAMPS''' ('''G'''enealogical '''R'''esearch and '''A'''nalysis '''M'''anagement '''P'''rogramming '''S'''ystem) acronym is being phased out in favor of '''Gramps''' as the official name of the software. All upper-case software names have become unfashionable.''
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;<span id="gramps">Gramps</span>: [https://gramps-project.org/blog/features/ Gramps] is an open-source genealogy program, a free software project and community. <br />''The [https://gramps-project.org/introduction-WP/2006/04/looking-back-over-5-years/ reverse engineered] '''GRAMPS''' ('''G'''enealogical '''R'''esearch and '''A'''nalysis '''M'''anagement '''P'''rogramming '''S'''ystem) acronym is being phased out in favor of '''Gramps''' as the official name of the software. All upper-case software names have become unfashionable.''
  
;gramplet: a [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Gramplets#definition|Gramplet]] is a plug-in or addon widget that extends the functionality of Gramps by providing a dynamic view and interface to the Family Tree data. 3rd party Gramplets, reports, quick views, and tools are managed with the [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Plugin_Manager|Plug-in Manager]].  
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;<span id="gramplet">Gramplet</span>: a [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Gramplets#definition|Gramplet]] is a plug-in or addon widget that extends the functionality of Gramps by providing a dynamic view and interface to the Family Tree data. 3rd party Gramplets, reports, quick views, and tools are managed with the [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Plugin_Manager|Plug-in Manager]].  
 
:''See the [[Gramplets|Gramplets for Python Developers]] for independent development information.''
 
:''See the [[Gramplets|Gramplets for Python Developers]] for independent development information.''
  
;groom: (''[[#event_role|event role]]'') A term to refer to the man at a marriage who will be referred to as ''husband'' after the marriage. See also: ''father''.
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;<span id="groom">Groom</span>: (''[[#event_role|event role]]'') A term to refer to the man at a marriage who will be referred to as ''husband'' after the marriage. See also: ''father''.
  
 
==H==
 
==H==
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;<span id="role">role</span>: function performed or part played by a person (or other Gramps object) in a particular situation. When objects of Gramps are linked, a Reference is created where the Role disambiguates the relative nature of the reference. ''see [[#event_role|event role]]''
 
;<span id="role">role</span>: function performed or part played by a person (or other Gramps object) in a particular situation. When objects of Gramps are linked, a Reference is created where the Role disambiguates the relative nature of the reference. ''see [[#event_role|event role]]''
  
;romanization:
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;<span id="romanization">romanization</span>:
 
: linguistic representation of a word in the Roman (Latin) alphabet
 
: linguistic representation of a word in the Roman (Latin) alphabet
  
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==W==
 
==W==
;witness:(''[[#event_role|event role]]'') The term that applies to the people asked to be present at an event so as to be able to testify to its having taken place
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;<span id="">Witness:(''[[#event_role|event role]]'') The term that applies to the people asked to be present at an event so as to be able to testify to its having taken place
 
==X==
 
==X==
;XML: acronym: E'''x'''tensible '''M'''arkup '''L'''anguage
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;<span id="xml">XML</span>: acronym: E'''x'''tensible '''M'''arkup '''L'''anguage
 
==Y==
 
==Y==
 
==Z==
 
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Revision as of 19:36, 1 February 2020

This Glossary gives an overview of terms that appear in Gramps, with a short description, and a link to relevant articles.

For a glossary of genealogical terms, see Genealogy Glossary.
For a list of pages dedicated to terms in this Glossary, see Category:Terminology

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A

Active Person
(core concept) - The person designated as the momentary center of focus in the open Gramps database. The perspective of this person defines the context for actions and for displaying all the surrounding information. Changing this focus is done by navigating the Active Person selection to another person.
address
(sec. obj.) - The Gramps concept of an Address is a particular location with an associated time frame. Think of it as a mailing address. It is intended to represent where a person lived and when the person lived there. The Address consists:
  • Date
  • Street Address
  • Locality
  • City
  • County
  • State/Province
  • Postal/Zip code
  • Country
  • Phone
Not to be confused with a Place which has a fixed position (its location). Use this with care. For genealogical research you can also use the residence event coupled with a Place. For mailing (email, postal), add an address to a Person or Repository.
Aide
(event role) A term to refer to the role of an assistant.
anglicisation
process of making something English
attribute
(sec. obj.) - Attributes are for something permanent, or at least somewhat permanent: eye color, blood type, etc. Usually you would have not more than one of each attribute type for a Person/Family/etc.

B

bride
(event role) A term to refer to the woman a marriage ceremony who will have the role of wife in the marriage. See also: mother.

C

Celebrant
(event role) A term describing a role of the person who performs a rite, especially referring to a priest at the Eucharist.
Gramps-citation.png
Citation
(Citations prim. obj.) - Contains the information that enables you or others to locate your source document. An isolated Citation can be created without first creating separate Source object. But, should the same source be referenced repeatedly in a Tree, a separate Source simplifies the Citation and eliminates redundant information that must be harmonized.
Clergy
(event role) A term applied to a religious person regardless of religion. For example, a monk or priest. See http://www.webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary for more details. See also: celebrant.
custom
This indicates a user defined type, as opposed to types that are predefined in Gramps.

D

date
(sec. obj.) - Dates in Gramps are much more complex than just a month, day, and year. Dates are always in a particular calendar, can span a time frame, the Date Quality can be approximate, and have support for many other subtleties specific to genealogy data.
DNA
  1. acronym: deoxyribonucleic acid
  2. a nucleic acid that carries genetic information
DTD: acronym: Document Type Definition

E

Gramps-event.png
Event
(Events prim. obj.) - Contains the information related to an event.
A defining moment in a person's life. See events for the use in genealogy, for predefined events in Gramps and suggested naming for common events.
event role
The role a Person plays in an event. In Gramps, an event can be linked to as many participants as desired. Each Person may play different roles but more than one Person might play the same role. The Event role captures this. Some common roles are pre-defined but the user can add other custom Roles by just typing in the new appropriate role in the Event Reference Editor.
event type
The general denominator to which an event belongs, e.g., a christian, civil, tibetan, ... marriage, are all denoted by the event type marriage. See events in Gramps for an overview.

F

Family
  1. Gramps-family.png
    Family (Family prim. obj.) - Contains the information specific to relationships between people. This typically contains one or two parents and zero or more children.
    The Family relationship is a core concept in Gramps. It depicts the basic relations between people. Commonly this will contain a father, a mother and some children, however, it can also contain only parts of this (e.g., two brothers, a mother and child). People can be part of several families (adoption, remarried, ...)
  2. Family (event role) An event can be coupled to a family, denoting that the entire family was involved in the event. Typically the Marriage event will be coupled to a family with event role family
Filter
A filter in a database hides (filters out) records, displaying only those records that match a specified criteria. In Gramps, the criteria can be simple or complex, with multiple levels. The basic Search is a simple filter that compares only a single attribute of a record. The Filter Gramplet compares several attributes simultaneously. The Custom Filter allows highly complex Rules-based compares with layers of intersection options for those rules. (Additional Rules are are available as addons.) Each increased capability slows performance of the interface.

G

GEDCOM
  1. acronym: Genealogy Data Communication
  2. a format for exchanging genealogical data. The open specification for the GEDCOM format was developed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) as an aid to genealogical research. The last standard release was version 5.5 in 1996 with a 5.5.1 draft update presented for comment in 1999. As an Open Standard, there are extensive and constantly changing incompatibilities between implementations and data loss when transferring GEDCOM formatted data between competing software tools is common.
Gramps
Gramps is an open-source genealogy program, a free software project and community.
The reverse engineered GRAMPS (Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System) acronym is being phased out in favor of Gramps as the official name of the software. All upper-case software names have become unfashionable.
Gramplet
a Gramplet is a plug-in or addon widget that extends the functionality of Gramps by providing a dynamic view and interface to the Family Tree data. 3rd party Gramplets, reports, quick views, and tools are managed with the Plug-in Manager.
See the Gramplets for Python Developers for independent development information.
Groom
(event role) A term to refer to the man at a marriage who will be referred to as husband after the marriage. See also: father.

H

Gramps Go-Home48x48 win.png
Home Person
(core concept) - The persistently designated Home Person is the foundational Person in the Tree (the currently open Gramps database). This Person is the central target of genealogical research and family references extend from this center. Ideally, every person, event and source in the Tree will (however directly or indirectly) relate back to the Home Person.
By default, the database reports describe everything else in contextual relation to this person. The Status Bar, the Quick View called "Relation to Home Person", and the Gramplet called "Deep Connections" all describe different aspects of the relationship of the Active Person to the Home Person.
You (or your client) are customarily designated (set) as the Home Person. And this Home designation serves as a persistent point of reference for the rest of the the Tree in Reports generally and for the Active Person in detail. But a different Home Person might be temporarily set when generating reports or when researching a complex biography or obituary.
Fascinating tidbits often lure Gramps researchers into wandering off-course. When the Active Person has become lost, the bearings can be instantly regained by navigating the Active Person selection back to the Home Person.
Navigate to Home Person - keyboard shortcut Alt+Home or press the toolbar Gramps Go-Home48x48 win.pngHome button.
The custom filter rule for finding the Home Person is in a People category filter under the General filters and is named 'Default person.'

I

J

K

L

M

matronym
(origin Name attrib.) - personal name based on the name of one's mother
Gramps-media.png
Media
(Media prim. obj.) - Contains the information related to a media object. This includes images, documents, or any other type of related files.

N

Name Origin
An optional attribute (characteristic) identifying how a name was derived for a Person. Pre-defined items of the origin selection menu include: inherited, patrilineal, matrilineal, given, taken, patronymic, matronymic, feudal, pseudonym, occupation.
Available as a standard attribute of Names in Gramps.
Gramps-notes.png
Note
(Notes prim. obj.) - Contains the information related to a note. Records in the Note Category contain free-form text with basic formatting and linking features. That text is created and modified using the Notes Editor.

O

P

patronym
(origin Name attrib.) - personal name based on the name of one's father.
Gramps-person.png
Person
(People prim. obj.) - Contains the information specific to an individual person in the People category.
Gramps-place.png
Place
(Places prim. obj.) - The Gramps concept of a Place is a particular location independent of time. Over time, the same Place may have different address information due to changing borders and political situation. For example, Leningrad and St. Petersburg represent the same place, but with different names. Places in Gramps are stored in a hierarchy. A Place consists of:
  • Descriptive Title
  • Name
  • Type (such as country, state, county ...)
  • Longitude/Latitude
  • Code (such as a country code or postal code)
  • A list of alternative names for the place
  • A list of regions which enclose the place
POSIX
Portable Operating System Interface: a family of OS standards specified by the IEEE Computer Society for maintaining compatibility with variants of Unix (such as Linux) and other operating systems. Although the MacOS is "POSIX-certified", the term is used in this manual to generically refer to just the "Mostly POSIX-compliant" Linux and BSD distributions with verified Gramps downloads and which use the POSIX-style environment.
primary object
Primary objects are the top level objects. They contain a hierarchy of secondary objects, and can be referenced by other primary or secondary objects. In the Gramps database, primary objects and the secondary objects that they contain are stored as separate records. Each primary object type is stored in a separate table. See Using database API, Primary Objects (see also secondary object)
The primary objects are:
Citations Citation, Events Event, Family Family, Media Media, Notes Note, People Person, Places Place, Repositories Repository, Sources (v3.4.x) Source, 16x16-gramps-tag.png Tag.
Gramps-unlock.png
Private tag
The Private option tags information that should be redacted when sharing data or printing reports. Records are shown with: a locked padlock when private; and, an unlocked padlock when public. Clicking the padlock icon toggles between public & private. This manual override supplements the automated Probably Alive and custom Filter features.

Q

R

Reference
the basic a system of linking relationships between objects in Gramps. When when an object is added in the Editor for record, a Reference (link) is created in the object that was added.
Gramps-relation.png
References tab
a system of linking between objects in Gramps. When objects of Gramps are linked, the References tab lists the objects to link toward it.
Gramps-repository.png
Repository
(Repositories prim. obj.) - Contains the information related to a physical or virtual structure where genealogical and family history sources are stored. Once a Repository is added to a Gramps Tree, it can used to organize Sources.
role
function performed or part played by a person (or other Gramps object) in a particular situation. When objects of Gramps are linked, a Reference is created where the Role disambiguates the relative nature of the reference. see event role
romanization
linguistic representation of a word in the Roman (Latin) alphabet

S

secondary object
Secondary objects are contained within other objects, and cannot be referenced directly. They can contain other secondary objects. Examples include: Name, Date and Address. See Using database API, Secondary Objects (see also primary object)
Gramps-source.png
Source
(Sources (v3.4.x) prim. obj.) - A person (family, friend, another researcher), thing (book, magazine newspaper, census), or place (courthouse, church, library, genealogical/historical society) from which information comes, arises, or is obtained. After adding a Source to a Gramps Tree, the Source can be referenced in Citations and organized with Repositories.

T

Gramps-tag.png
Tag
(16x16-gramps-tag.png prim. obj.) - A label that can be attached to a Citations Citation, Events Event, Family Family, Media Media, Notes Note, People Person, Places Place, Repositories Repository or Sources (v3.4.x) Source for the purpose of easy identification and filtering.
A keyword or phrase used to group the collection to produce a report.

U

V

View
(graphical user interface terminology) - a View is a Gramps-specific name for the Window layouts presenting information in a structured and predictable manner. Layouts are in table, outline or graphical formats; depending on the preferred way to represent how the data elements relate to on another.
Gramps divides and organizes the information about each Primary Object into a series of Categories, each with their own View. Each of the Category Views displays a smaller, more digestible portion of the total information that comprises a Genealogical Tree. View data may be further subdivided with tabbed pages of layouts.

W

Witness:(event role) The term that applies to the people asked to be present at an event so as to be able to testify to its having taken place

X

XML
acronym: Extensible Markup Language

Y

Z

Tango-Dialog-information.png
Wiki manual

Please enhance the Wiki - create new glossary terms and add them to the wiki manual. Glossary term IDs are more memorable & predictable if kept to all lower-case and use underscores (_) for spaces.

inserting a "Glossary Term" into the Glossary list
;<span id="glossary_term">Glossary Term</span>: Definition of the term.

inserting the term into the Gramps wiki manual
[[Gramps_Glossary#glossary_term|Glossary Term]]

for more information about WikiMedia sections, see:
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