Gramps Glossary

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This Glossary gives an overview of terms that appear in Gramps, with a short description, and a link to relevant articles.

For a glossary of genealogical terms, see Genealogy Glossary.

A

address
(sec. obj.) The Gramps concept of an Address is a particular location with an associated time frame. Think of it as a mailing address. It is intended to represent where a person lived and when the person lived there. The Address consists:
  • Date
  • Street Address
  • Locality
  • City
  • County
  • State/Province
  • Postal/Zip code
  • Country
  • Phone
Not to be confused with a place which has a fixed position (it's location). Use this with care. For genealogical research you can also use the residence event coupled with a place. For mailing (email, postal), add an address to a person or repository.
aide
(event role) A term to refer to an assistant.

B

bride
(event role) A term to refer to the woman at a marriage who will be referred to as wife after the marriage. See also: mother.

C

celebrant
(event role) A term to refer to a priest at Eucharist.
clergy
(event role) A term applied to a religious person regardless of religion. For example, a monk or priest. See http://www.webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary for more details. See also: celebrant.
custom
This indicates a user defined type, as opposed to types that are predefined in Gramps.

D

DTD
acronym: Document Type Definition

E

event
A defining moment in a person's life. See events for the use in genealogy, for predefined events in Gramps and suggested naming for common events.
event role
The role a person plays in an event. In Gramps an event can be linked to as many people as desired. Each person will play a different role. Event role captures this. Some common roles are predefined, others the user can add by just typing in the appropriate role.
event type
The general denominator an event belongs to. Eg a christian, civil, tibetan, ... marriage, are all denoted by the event type marriage. See events in Gramps for an overview.

F

family
(prim. obj) A Family is a core concept in Gramps. It depicts the basic relations between people. Commonly this will contain a father, a mother and some children, however, it con also contain only parts of this (eg. two brothers, a mother and child). People can be part of several families (adoption, remarried, ...)
family
(event role) An event can be coupled to a family, denoting that the entire family was involved in the event. Typically the Marriage event will be coupled to a family with event role family

G

GEDCOM
  1. acronym: Genealogy Data Communication
  2. a format for exchanging genealogy data
groom
(event role) A term to refer to the man at a marriage who will be referred to as husband after the marriage. See also: father.

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Place
(prim. obj.)The Gramps concept of a Place is a particular location independent of time. Over time, the same Place may have different address information due to changing borders and political situation. For example, Leningrad and St. Petersburg represent the same place, but with different names. Places in Gramps are stored in a hierarchy. A Place consists of:
  • Descriptive Title
  • Name
  • Type (such as country, state, county ...)
  • Longitude/Latitude
  • Code (such as a country code or postal code)
  • A list of alternative names for the place
  • A list of regions which enclose the place
primary object
Primary objects are the fundamental objects in the Gramps database. These objects are:
  • Person - Contains the information specific to an individual person.
  • Family - Contains the information specific to relationships between people. This typically contains one or two parents and zero or more children.
  • Event - Contains the information related to an event.
  • Place - Contains the information related to a specific place.
  • Repository - Contains the information related to a repository.
  • Source - Contains the information related to a source of information.
  • Citation - Contains the information related to a citation into a source.
  • Media Object - Contains the information related to a media object. This includes images, documents, or any other type of related files.
  • Note - Contains the information related to a note.
Primary objects are treated as tables within the database. Individual components that compose the primary object are stored as individual items in the database. See Using database API, Primary Objects (see also secondary object)

Q

R

role
see event role

S

Secondary object
(see also primary object)

T

U

V

W

witness
(event role) The term that applies to the people asked to be present at an event so as to be able to testify to its having taken place

X

XML
acronym: Extensible Markup Language

Y

Z