Gramps 4.0 Wiki Manual - Getting Started/bg
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Този раздел дава поглед върху промените във версия 4.0 спрямо 3.1. Всички те са представени в учебника така, че няма нужда да четете ако не ви е необходимо. Потребителите на 3.1 се приканват да прегледат промените така, че да не пропуснат накоя нова възможност.
- 1 Преди да направим надграждане
- 2 Visible changes to the core
- 3 Plugin changes
- 4 Under the hood changes
- 5 Further info
Преди да направим надграждане
Както винаги, преди да надградите се подсигурете с допълнително резервно копие на вашата база от данни. Най-добрия начин да направите това е:
- стартирайте Gramps 3.1
- отворете родословното си дърво
- Изнесете родословното дърво във формат gramps xml или в gramps xml пакет (включвайки и медийните си файлове). Това става от меню Родословни дървета->Изнасяне, там се уверете, че е избрано изнасяне на цялата информация така, че да не се унищожи никаква част от нея по никакъв начин.
- Запазете полученият файл на сигурно място.
За повече информация: Резервно копие на родословното дърво, забележете, че създаването на архив може да не е преложимо в този случай. В някой много малко вероятен случай Gramps 4.0 може да повреди вашата настояща база от данни, а и да загуби архива.
After this you can install Gramps 4.0. Use a package manager to do this. Otherwise, remove Gramps 3.1 and install Gramps 4.0, or make sure you install Gramps 4.0 in a different location.
After you install Gramps 4.0, you will be able to immediately open your old family trees and continue working. In case of problems (eg after a complete system upgrade), you might need to use the backup file created above to recreate your family tree in the exact way it was before upgrade.
Warning 1: On Mac OS X via portage and on Win 7 64 bit, attempting to open a Gramps 3.1 database with Gramps 4.0 gives the error shown below, so backing up your data is not an idle warning! Should you have forgotten to backup, reinstall Gramps 3.1 to open this family tree and create a gramps xml file after all. The error is in the database core Gramps uses .
Warning 2: Once you open a family tree on a newer operating system, the chances are big you cannot open that database anymore on an older OS (e.g. installed on the same computer). As always, the gramps xml format is the format to use for the interchange of your data between computers. There are tools to repair broken databases, but they are for expert users, so avoid needing them by doing a backup before you upgrade your OS and Gramps.
Visible changes to the core
Views in categories
In Gramps 3.1, every category in the sidebar had one view. In Gramps 4.0, a category can have multiple views. Eg, the person category now has a listview and a treeview. You can switch via the View menu and via view buttons on the toolbar.
Configuration of a view in 3.1 is via different mechanism. In 4.0 a move is made to one place to configure a view: the Configure View dialog. This can be accessed via a toolbar button, see the Fig. Most views make use of this in 4.0 (Pedigreeview is not converted yet).
All the views showing lists now have their column editor available from the configuration dialog. Otherwise the functionality is the same: drag and drop columns in the desired order, enable those you want, and click apply.
More: Column Editor
New and updated views
People list view
A view containing a list of all people is now present. This has an advantage when you work with filters and want clear order not based on the name. Via the column editor you can order the columns in any order you want, eg birth date as the first column, giving a nice overview of all people born in the same period.
One disadvantage is that name grouping is not taken into account like this. So if you use the grouping feature to order the name Safina under Safin, these names are now mixed in the people list view.
More: People Category
A view using OpenStreetMap or Google Maps to show where people lived. Combined with the filters, this allows you to see where a group of people was born, where they lived, where they died, ... .
The view can also be used to add places to your family tree with correct latitude and longitude, or link existing places to a correct latitude and longitude. It speaks for itself that this view is only useful if all your places have correct geo-coordinates (note that you can use a the expert third party Place completion tool if you have many places without coordinates that need to be given a latitude and longitude)
Obviously, a fast internet connection is needed to use this view.
Place tree view
A start is made of a new view that organizes your places in a tree structure, so first country, then state, ... . This view will evolve further in future releases.
More: Place Tree View
Fan chart view
If you know the fan chart gramplet, you will know what this view does. It is part of the Ancestry category, and is a good way to know what pieces of an ancestry need further research.
More: Fan Chart View
An extra hidden view is present, the Html view. This view is present because it forms the basis of the GeoView. You can unhide it via the Help->Plugin Manager. Gramps is not a web browser however, this view is not an attempt to add a web browser to Gramps, it is only the minimal functionality needed to have GeoView functional. Some people might find it useful however.
The engine of Html is webkit (if installed) or gecko (if installed) via python bindings.
An extra column has been added to the Event view to display the main participants of the event.
More: Event View
Gramps 4.0 now also stores a list of visited families, events, ... . So now you can use on eg the family view the forward/backward button to visit previously selected families, just like 3.1 could do on the person views. The Go menu holds the history of previously selected items.
The plugin mechanism of Gramps has been updated. It is now possible to hide all plugins you do not need. This includes export/import plugins, tools, document backends (pdf creation, odf creation), and the views you see in the main window. Yes, all views are now plugins.
This gives the user the option to remove options they don't need, making navigation faster and saving resources. Eg: You don't use the Pedigree View? Hide it in the Plugin Manager, and it will not be present anymore. You don't use vcard export? Hide it in the Plugin Status, and it will not be offered anymore.
You can now add new functionality to Gramps by installing third-party plugins (called "addons") directly from inside Gramps. The plugin system of 4.0 already has a lot of downloadable content, see 4.0 Addons. In Gramps, go to the menu -> Help -> Plugin Manager and select the "Install Addons" tab.
More: Plugin Manager
New and updated plugins
- As almost with every release, the narrated web site has received more options
- Some reports have received the option to output in another language than the language you use Gramps in.
- Improvements on Individual complete report and Detailed descendants report.
- Styled notes are now supported in most output forms, eg in ODF output and in the web report
Under the hood changes
It's all about speed
Many under the hood improvements have occurred that should improve performance enormously.
- Using Gramps in CLI mode no longer loads GUI code.
- plugins are no longer loaded by default.
- New listviews. Eg: Insert of a person in a 30000 people family tree took 4sec on 1.4Ghz PC in 3.1, Now it is done in milliseconds.
Migration to better code layout
The code is slowly migrated to a different directory structure, strictly making a division between genealogy code, gui code and cli code. The aim is to allow in the future an independently packaged genealogy library to access the Gramps family trees in other projects.
- Gramps still supports python 2.5 and pygtk 2.12. In other words, for example Ubuntu 8.04 can still run version 4.0. A specific effort has been done to make this possible. The next version will probably increase the requirements.
- libglade has been removed, as it will be deprecated in the future, and replaced by gtkbuilder.
- For GeoView to work, python bindings to webkit or gecko (gtkmozembed) must be present. Packagers are recommended to make webkit a dependency if webkit is stable on their platform.