Gramps 4.0 Wiki Manual - FAQ/fi

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Tässä liitteessä on lista kysymyksistä, joita esitetään toistuvasti postituslistilla ja foorumeilla. Lista ei ole millään muotoa täydellinen. Jos haluat lisätä kysymyksen/vastauksen listaan, ole hyvä ja lähetä ehdotuksesi gramps-devel@lists.sourceforge.net listalle. Harkitse myös perehtymistä seuraaviin Gramps wiki kategorioihin: 'How do I...' 'Gramps Tutorials'

Contents

Yleistä

Mikä on Gramps?

Gramps on 'Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Program System'. Toisin sanoen, se on henkilökohtainen sukututkimusohjelma, jolla voit tallettaa, muokata ja tutkia sukututkimuksen tietoja tietokoneesi avulla, katso About.

Miten saan sen ja paljonko se maksaa?

Grampsin voi asentaa ilmaiseksi. Gramps on avoimen lähdekoodin projekti, joka perustuu GNU General Public lisenssiin. Saat käyttöösi kokonaan sen lähdekoodin ja voit jakaa ohjelmaa ja lähdekoodia vapaasti.

Millä kielillä Gramps on saatavissa?

Gramps projekti työskentelee englanniksi, mutta ohjelman käyttöliittymä on esim Gramps 3.4 versiossa käännetty 28 kielelle, katso GRAMPS translations.

Miten hoitaisin varmuuskopioinnin?

Käytä tuoreinta versiota ohjelmasta! Versiosta 2.2.5 lähtien Grampsissa on automaattinen varmuuskopiointi. On äärimmäisen tärkeää, että otat tiedoistasi varmuuskopiot ja pidät ne turvallisessa paikassa. Grampsissa on erityinen siirtotiedostomuoto, joka vie vähän tilaa ja on ihmisen luettava, laajennenimeltään .gramps. Katso Gramps 3.4 Wiki Manual - Manage Family Trees#Backing up a Family_Tree. Voit kopioida tämän varmuuskopion ajoittain varmaan paikkaan (esim. muistitikulle). [Huomaa: .gramps tiedostot ovat tiivistettyjä. Niiden napsauttaminen avaa Grampsin. Nähdäksesi XML muotoiset tiedostot valitse ja pura ne sopivalla ohjelmalla (kuten ark, gunzip), jonka jälkeen saat käyttöösi ihmisen luettavan XML tiedoston, katso tarkemmin details. Gramps tekee piilotetun binäärisen pikavarmuuskopion, jotta palautus olisi virhetilanteessa mahdollinen. Sopivalla asennetulla paketilla voit käyttää aineistojen versionhallintaa. Toinen menettely on varmuuskopioida piilotettu kansio /.gramps. Linux systeemissä kansio sijaitsee kotihakemistossa. Kansion varmuuskopiolla varmistat tietokantasi ja sen versiot. Älä varmuuskopioi GEDCOM muotoon. Grampsin kaikkia tietoja ei voi kirjoittaa GEDCOM tiedotoon. Siksi vienti/tuonti operaatio Gramps --> GEDCOM --> Gramps kadottaa tietojasi. Käytä .gramps tiedostomuotoa varmuuskopiointiin! Älä myöskään varmuuskopioi GRDB (GRAMPS V2.x database) muodossa. Se saattaa olla tietokoneriippuvainen (lukeminen toiseen tietokoneeseen ei välttämättä onnistu). Pienikään GRDB:n korjaus ei siis toimi. Käytä .gramps tiedostomuotoa varmuuskopiointiin!

Tukeeko Gramps Unicode merkistöä?

Gramps toimii sisäisesti Unicode (UTF-8) pohjalla, joten kaikkia merkistöjä voidaan käyttää tietojen talletamiseen. Kaikki raportit tukevat tätä, vaikka PDF/PS muotoiseen tulostamiseen on käytettävä gnome-print tai LibreOffice ohjelmistoja.

Asennus

Mitä tarvitaan Grampsin asentamiseksi Linux, Solaris tai FreeBSD ympäristöissä?

Gramps on GTK sovellus. Gramps tarvitsee toimiakseen asennetut pygtk kirjastot. Gramps toimii GNOME, KDE ja millä muulla työpöydällä tahansa. Jos GNOME bindings for Python ovat asennettuina, Grampsissa on lisää toiminnallisuuksia. Gramps projekti suosittelee GTK:sta vähintään versiota 2.8.

Toimiiko Gramps Windowsissa?

Kyllä, monet käyttävät siinä Grampsia. Ehkä helpointa on ladata GrampsAIO software "bundle" for Windows, Siinä on yhdessä paketissa kaikki ohjelmat, mitä Gramps tarvitsee, ja kokonaisuuden asentaminen on hyvin yksinkertaista. Teemme parhaamme Windowsiin liittyvien ongelmien ratkaisemisessa. See here. See GRAMPS and Windows for a summary of hints to use Gramps on a Windows PC. Also, the Linux Genealogy CD can function as a live CD that you boot directly from (If you have a CD/DVD-ROM Drive). You can then run Linux and Gramps off the CD, even if your computer is entirely Windows.

Toimiiko Gramps Mac-ympäristössä?

Kyllä , Mac OS on Grampsin tukemia ympäristöjä. See here.

Vähimmäisvaatimukset Grampsin ajamiseksi?

Suosittelemme vähintään 800x600 näytön tarkkuutta. Versiosta 3.4 Grampsin muistivaatimukset ovat alentuneet ja se toimii hyvin jopa 256MB muistinmäärällä, isoillakin henkilömäärillä. 512MB muistia riittää 200,000 henkilön hallintaan. Tietokannalle pitää olla selvästi enemmän tilaa kovalevyllä, 120.000 henkilön kanta tarvitsee jo 530Mb tilan. Kuvat tulevat vielä päälle, joten iso kovalevy on tarpeen.

Miten Gramps versiota päivitetään?

GNU/Linux käyttöjärjestelmät hoitavat päivitykset puolestasi. Jos tämä ei toimi, kysy muiltakäyttäjiltä mitä If GNU/Linux jakelua he suosittavat. Windows ja MAC käyttöjärjestelmissä päivitys on tehtävä manuaalisesti.

Preferences

Can I change the dates in reports to 'day month year'?

Yes, change in the preferences ("Edit->Preferences") the date for Gramps to the required format (eg YYYY-MM-DD or day month year), and make the report. Your global date preferences will be used.

Collaboration-Portability

Is Gramps compatible with other genealogical software?

Gramps makes every effort to maintain compatibility with GEDCOM, the general standard of recording genealogical information. We have import and export filters that enable Gramps to read and write GEDCOM files. It is important to understand that the GEDCOM standard is poorly implemented -- virtually every genealogical software has its own "flavor" of GEDCOM. As we learn about new flavor, the import/export filters can be created very quickly. However, finding out about the unknown flavors requires user feedback. Please feel free to inform us about any GEDCOM flavor not supported by Gramps, and we will do our best to support it! There is a specific section of this wiki which discusses Gramps and GEDCOM.

Can Gramps read files created by other genealogy programs?

See above.

Can Gramps write files readable by other genealogy programs?

See above.

What standards does Gramps support?

The nice thing about standards is that there never is a shortage of them. Gramps is tested to support the following flavors of GEDCOM: GEDCOM5.5, Brother's Keeper, Family Origins, Family Tree Maker, Ftree, GeneWeb, Legacy, Personal Ancestral File, Pro-Gen, Reunion, and Visual Genealogie.

How do I import data from another genealogy program into Gramps?

The best way is to create a new family tree, and select the import option in the file menu. Here you select the GEDCOM you generated with the other program, and import it.

Can I install Gramps on a Linux Web Server and use it via a web browser?

This would enable my relations worldwide to access and update it. While Gramps can generate web sites, it does not provide a web interface that allows for editing. If this is a requirement, then GeneWeb or PhpGedView are programs more likely to meet your needs. Also have a look at experimental gramps-connect. However, you may wish to ask yourself the following questions: Do I really want relatives or other people to directly edit my genealogy database? Do I implicitly trust, without verification, any data that people may enter? Do these people have the same understanding of good genealogy practice that I have? A better approach may be to provide a web form interface that allows others to enter data that is then held for your examination. You can then decide if the information should be entered into your database. You may also want to consider the effects of possible downtime of your site if you cannot afford yourself a premium webhosting service.

Reports

Can Gramps print a genealogical tree for my family?

Yes. Different people have different ideas of what a genealogical tree is. Some think of it as a chart going from the distant ancestor and listing all his/her descendants and their families. Others think it should be a chart going from the person back in time, listing the ancestors and their families. Yet other people think of a table, text report, etc. Gramps can produce any of the above, and many more different charts and reports. Moreover, the plugin architecture enables users (you) to create their own plugins which could be new reports, charts, or research tools.

In what formats can Gramps output its reports?

Text reports are available in HTML, PDF, ODT, LaTeX, and RTF formats. Graphical reports (charts and diagrams) are available in PostScript, PDF, SVG, ODS, and GraphViz formats.

How can I change the default language in reports?

The reports are in the language of your linux installation. You can change it by installing extra language packs, see Howto: Change the language of reports

Is Gramps compatible with the Internet?

Gramps can store web addresses and direct your browser to them. It can import data that you download from the Internet. It can export data that you could send over the Internet. Gramps is familiar with the standard file formats widely used on the Internet (e.g. JPEG, PNG, and GIF images, MP3, OGG, and WAV sound files, QuickTime, MPEG, and AVI movie files, etc). Other than that, there is little that a genealogical program can do with the Internet.

Can I create custom reports/filters/whatever?

Yes. There are many levels of customization. One is creating or modifying the templates used for the reports. This gives you some control over the fonts, colors, and some layout of the reports. You can also use Gramps controls in the report dialogs to tell what contents should be used for a particular report. In addition to this, you have an ability to create your own filters -- this is useful in selecting people based on criteria set by you. You can combine these filters to create new, more complex filters. Finally, you have an option to create your own plugins. These may be new reports, research tools, import/export filters, etc. This assumes some knowledge of programming in Python.

Why are non-Latin characters displayed as garbage in PDF/PS reports?

This is a limitation of the built-in fonts of PS and PDF formats. To print non-Latin text, use the Print... in the format selection menu of the report dialog. This will use the gnome-print backend, which supports PS and PDF creation, as well as direct printing. (Note: you might need to install gnome-print separately as it is not required for Gramps). If you only have Latin text, the PDF option will produce a smaller PDF compared to that created by gnome-print, simply because no font information will be embedded.

I would like to contribute to Gramps by writing my favorite report. How do I do that?

The easiest way to contribute to reports, filters, tools, etc. is to copy an existing Gramps report, filter, or tool. If you can create what you want by modifying existing code -- great! If your idea does not fit into the logic of any existing Gramps tool, you will need to write your own plugin from scratch. Help is available on the Developers Portal, or on the Developers mailing list: gramps-devel@lists.sourceforge.net. To test your work in progress, you may save your plugin under $HOME/.gramps/plugins directory and it should be found and imported on startup. The correctly written plugin will register itself with Gramps, create menu item, and so on. If you are happy with your plugin and would like to contribute your code back to the Gramps project, you are very welcome to do so by contacting us at gramps-devel@lists.sourceforge.net

Database - Gramps file formats

What is the maximum database size (bytes) Gramps can handle?

Gramps has no hard limits on the size of a database that it can handle. Starting with 2.0.0 release, Gramps no longer loads all data into memory, which allows it to work with a much larger database than before. In reality, however, there are practical limits. The main limiting factors are the available memory on the system and the cache size used for BSDDB database access. With common memory sizes these days, Gramps should have no problem using databases with tens of thousands of people.

How many people can Gramps database handle?

See above. Again, this is dependent on how much memory you have, see GRAMPS Performance.

My database is really big. Is there a way around loading all the data into memory?

Starting with 2.0.0 release, Gramps no longer loads all data into memory, which allows it to work with a much larger database than before. The fileformat used is .grdb which means Gramps database.

Can I run Gramps from a database on a NFS share?

Yes you can.

What does "portable" mean?

A Gramps 3 database (and any .grdb file) is very dependent on the software versions that created it. For example, you can't just move your Gramps data in these formats to a different operating system (or even a different version of an operating system) and expect that you will be able to read your data. The data is not "portable". Therefore, you can't just rely on backups of these formats, but you should also occasionally export into a format that is portable. There are two possible portable formats: GEDCOM and Gramps XML (.gramps or .gpkg). But only Gramps XML is recommended, as it faithfully saves all of your data.

Why is the database format (GRDB) not portable?

The biggest issue with Gramps portability lies with 'transactions'. With Gramps 2.2, we added support for atomic transactions to protect data. With atomic transactions, multiple changes are committed as a single unit. Either all the changes make it, or none of the changes make it. You are never left in a situation with a partial set of changes. A side benefit of using transactions is that database access (reads and writes) are faster. The problem with transactions (at least using BSDDB) is that it does not allow all the data to be stored in a single file. Logging files are needed to keep track of things. These logging files are kept in a DB Environment directory. We need a separate directory for each file, otherwise the log files can interfere with each other. In 2.2, we keep the log files under the ~/.gramps/<path> directory, creating a unique directory for each database. The problem is that your GRDB file needs the log files, which are in a different directory. Copying the GRDB file is only copying a portion of the database.

Bugs and requests

What do I do if I have found a bug?

The best thing you can do is to fix the bug and send the patch to gramps-devel@lists.sourceforge.net :-) If that is not possible, you should submit a bug report A good bug report would include: Version of Gramps you were using when you encountered the bug (available through Help → About menu item). Language under which Gramps was run (available by executing echo $LANG in your terminal). Symptoms indicating that this is indeed a bug. Any Traceback messages, error messages, warnings, etc, that showed up in your terminal or a in separate traceback window. Most problems can be fixed quickly provided there is enough information. To ensure this, please follow up on your bug reports. Then we will have a way of contacting you should we need more information. Requests Gramps should be a .... type of application

It is obvious that Gramps absolutely needs to become a (client-server/web-based/PHP/weblog/Javascript/C++/distributed/KDE/Motif/Tcl/Win32/C#/You-name-it) application. When is this going to happen?

The surest way to see it happen is to get it done by yourself. Since Gramps is free/open source, nobody prevents you from taking all of the code and continuing its development in whatever direction you see fit. In doing so, you may consider giving your new project another name to avoid confusion with the continuing Gramps development. If you would like the Gramps project to provide advice, expertise, filters, etc., we will gladly cooperate with your new project, to ensure compatibility or import/export options to your new format of a project. If, however, you would like the Gramps project to adopt your strategy, you would need to convince Gramps developers that your strategy is good for Gramps and superior to the present development strategy.

Adding to and editing my database

What is the difference between a residence and an address?

A residence is a place where someone lived for a period of time. An address is the name of a residence formatted in the way expected by the postal system. Therefore each residence can also have an address if that is useful. See also: Why residence event and not Address?

How do I change the order of children?

Children can be moved in the Family Editor by dragging and dropping or using the up and down buttons.

How do I change the order of spouses?

Spouses can be reordered from the Relationship View by selecting the Reorder button in the toolbar.