De:Gramps 3.2 Wiki Handbuch - Pluginmanager
|Spezielle Copyright Notiz: Alle Änderungen auf dieser Seite müssen unter zwei copyright Lizenzen stehen:
Diese Lizenzen ermöglichen es dem Gramps-Projekt die bestmögliche Verwendung dieses Handbuchs als freien Inhalt in zukünftigen Gramps Versionen. Wenn du mit dieser dual Lizenzierung nicht einverstanden bist, bearbeite diese Seite nicht. Du darfst zu anderen Seiten des Wiki die nur unter die GFDL Lizenz fallen nur über externe Links (verwende die Syntax: [http://www.gramps-project.org/...]), nicht über interne Links verlinken.<br\> Außerdem verwende nur die Bekannten Drucktechnische Konventionen
The Plugin Manager menu item is under the Help menu. Many of the features of the Plugin Manager are intended for developers, and the dialogues described below are those seen by developers. The features for normal users are noted below where they are different.
Gramps detects whether it is being run in User mode or Developer mode by the 'optimise' flag:
python -O gramps.py
Siehe Debugging GRAMPS (englisch).
Gramps consists of a core plus many plugins. When Gramps starts, the core is loaded and only a limited number of plugins are loaded. This decreases the startup time and memory requirements of Gramps. Subsequently, many plugins are automatically loaded by Gramps as they are needed, so that many users will not need to be aware of the existence of plugins, or their delayed loading.
The Plugin Manager allows you to control how Gramps manages plugins.
There are two main categories of plugins in Gramps: "user plugins" and "system plugins". User plugins are those that you use and control to provide different functionality for you. The system plugins are used by Gramps.
The following types of User Plugins are present in Gramps:
- doc creators: Backends for which Gramps can write reports (pdf, odf, ascii text, ...)
- exporters: export formats you can export your data too via Family Tree->Export
- gramplets: small programs you can embed in the GrampletView, or detach and use as a normal window
- gramps views: the views visible in the main window of Gramps
- importers: import formats from which Gramps can import data Family Tree->Import
- map service: targets that can be used on the place view to go to an internet map service (Go toolbar button)
- quickreport: small reports that are available in the context menu on the listviews, or via the Quickreport gramplet
- reports: Textual or graphical reports Gramps can produce
- tools: Tools you can start via the Tools menu
The following types of System Plugins are present in Gramps:
- plugin libs: libraries that are present giving extra functionality.
- relationships: relationship calculators for different languages
There are many plugins that come with Gramps. However, anyone can also write a plugin and share it. These third-party plugins are called "addons". We highly encourage users and developers to share their creations with other Gramps users.
Registration und laden
Plugins are either held locally on the computer and are known about by Gramps, when they are said to be Registered, or they are held on a remote computer and Gramps only knows their name, type and description, when they are said to be Addons.
When it starts, gramps automatically reads information about the local plugins, so that they become registered. The Plugin Manager can be used to download remote Addons so that they too become registered.
Registered (i.e. local) plugins are loaded by Gramps in the following situations:
- they are automatically loaded at startup. Some plugin types are loaded at startup (e.g., non hidden views), some plugins can have a flag that forces load on startup,
- they are automatically loaded by virtue of the user clicking on a view or requesting a report,
- they are loaded by the user explicitly requesting load in the plugin manager,
- remote plugins are loaded at the same time as they are registered by using Install Addons described below.
The plugin Manager can be used to hide or unhide plugins. Some menus will not display hidden addons, so that the addon cannot be selected. For example, if a Gramplet is hidden, then it will not appear in the "Add a gramplet" context menu which appear when right clicking the background of the Gramplets main tab. However, hiding some addons (such as Relationships or Gramps Views) has no effect and may not even be allowed.
There are three tabs of the Plugin Manager: Registered Plugins, Loaded Plugins, and Install Addons.
Here you see a list of all plugins that Gramps has found. These are the plugins which are part of Gramps, as well as the plugins found in the gramps32/plugins directory within the GRAMPS User Directory. The type of plugin is shown in the first column.
A plugin can be made hidden or unhidden. This is only useful for the User Plugins.
Here you see a list of all plugins that have been attempted to be loaded. Normally, all views (such as the Relationship View) will be loaded, and all gramplets/reports/tools you have used will be loaded automatically.
If there was an error during the loading of a plugin, then the staus will be shown in this tab. Double clicking a row showing a failure opens a dialog showing the error in detail. You can use this to contact the plugin author or the gramps bug list.
Here you will initially see an empty list. By clicking the "Refresh Addon List" button, Gramps will fetch the listed third-party plugins (known as Addons) listed at 3.2 Addons. You may wish to refresh this list every once in a while to see the latest Addons.
Also, you can enter an Addon's URL or path to a filename in the "Path to addon" to load the Addon.
An addon is a packaged set of files made to run in this version of Gramps. The addon package may end in "addon.tgz" or ".zip". You cannot install a .py file directly, but will need to install the .gpr.py and .py files by having access them in a package. For details on creating an Addon, see Addons Development.
After refreshing the addon list you may also click on a specific Addon listed. This will place the URL of the add in the "Path to addon". Then you can select "Install Addon" to download and install the selected Addon.
You may also select "Install All Addons". This will go through the list and download (or update) all of the listed Addons.
Later if you decide that you do not like an Addon, you can mark it "hidden" and it will no longer show.