Difference between revisions of "Gramplets"

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(GUI Interface)
(Help button)
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[[Image:ClockGramplet.png|400px|Clock Gramplet detached]]
[[Image:ClockGramplet.png|400px|Clock Gramplet detached]]
=== Help button ===
button_box = gtk.HButtonBox()
help_btn = gtk.Button(stock=gtk.STOCK_HELP)
help_btn.connect('clicked', self.help_clicked)
button_box.set_child_secondary(help_btn, True)
def help_clicked(self, obj):
    Display the relevant portion of Gramps wiki
Note, this may not work for some locales, without localized ''Name_of_page/{country_code}''. See [[Translating_GRAMPS#Translating_wiki_manual|Translating wiki manual]].
== GUI Options ==
== GUI Options ==

Revision as of 09:45, 24 January 2011

This page describes the technical details of Gramplets. If you are interested in using Gramplets, please see Gramps 3.2 Wiki Manual - Gramplets.

Gramplet Interface


A Gramplet is a type of GRAMPS plugin. A Gramplet is a mini-view that is designed to be composed with other Gramplets or Views to create a way to see your Family Tree that is just right for you. In fact, Gramplets can be made to do just about anything that you want. There are 6 main kinds of plugins:

  1. Reports: output for printing or display
  2. Tools: a method for processing data
  3. Quick View: a list of details based on the current object
  4. Importer: reads a file into your current tree
  5. Exporter: writes a file from your current tree
  6. Gramplets: interactive views for moving, analysing, displaying, etc.

There are two plugin directories: a global/system one, and a private/personal one. You can easily create a plugin by simply putting a file in your personal plugin directory (usually in .gramps/grampsxx/plugins).

Hello World

In teaching programming, a common "first program" is to write a program that says "Hello World". Let's jump right in and take a look at such a gramplet named HelloWorld.py:

# File: HelloWorld.py
def init(gui):
   gui.set_text("Hello world!")

Then an other python file named HelloWorld.gpr.py

# File: HelloWorld.gpr.py
         id="Hello World Gramplet", 
         name=_("Hello World Gramplet"),
         description = _("a program that says 'Hello World'"),
         status = STABLE,
         height = 20, 
         gramplet = 'init',
         gramplet_title=_("Sample Gramplet") 

You can read more about the gpr.py file in Addons development and the source code implementation.

If you place these files your plugins directory, and then either restart GRAMPS or go to Help -> Plugin Status -> Reload, the you'll be able to create this Gramplet. On the Gramplet View, right-click in an open area and select the "Hello World Gramplet". You should then see:



The main work of a Gramplet is performed in a function, or a class. In this very simple example, a function init is defined that takes a single argument, gui. The function simply sets the gui's text area to be "Hello World!", and that's it. It does this just once, and never changes.

Before a plugin can be used, it needs to be "registered". You call the register function with a number of named-arguments. There are a number of named-arguments that you can provide, including: name, height, content, title, expand, state, and data. We will explore those in detail, below.

Hello World, with Class

Here is the same functionality again, but this time as a class:

# File: HelloWorld2.py
from gen.plug import Gramplet

class HelloWorldGramplet(Gramplet):
    def init(self):
        self.set_text("Hello world!")
# File: HelloWorld2.gpr.py
         id="Hello World2 Gramplet", 
         name=_("Hello World2 Gramplet"),
         description = _("a program that says 'Hello World'"),
         status = STABLE,
         height = 20, 
         gramplet = 'HelloWorldGramplet',
         gramplet_title=_("Sample Gramplet") 

This is the recommended method of creating a Gramplet. The following details describe the properties and methods of this class.

Register Options

  • GRAMPLET: the first argument is the keyword GRAMPLET
  • id: the identifying name of the gramplet, unique among all plugins
  • name: the translated gramplet's name
  • height: the minimum (or maximum) height of the gramplet in normal mode
  • fname: the name of your gramplet file
  • gramplet: the name of the function or class in fname that creates the gramplet
  • gramplet_title: the default gramplet title; user changeable in Configure View
  • status: STABLE or UNSTABLE
  • version: a string with 2 dots (such as "1.23.14") representing the version number
  • gramps_target_version: a string with 2 dots representing the version of GRAMPS that this gramplet was written for

At the bare minimum, you need to have the above 10 options when registering your Gramplets.

In addition, you can use the following as well:

  • detached_width: the size in pixels of the minimum and default detached height
  • detached_height: the size in pixels of the minimum and default detached height
  • expand: whether or not the Gramplet should expand to fill the column, if it can
  • description: a description of the gramplet

Core Methods

The class-based gramplet utilizes the following methods:

  • init(): run once, on construction
  • main(): run once per update
  • update(): don't change this, it calls main
  • active_changed(): run when active-changed is triggered
  • db_changed(): run when db-changed is triggered
  • set_tooltip(TEXT) - tooltip for gramplet

Don't call main directly; use the update method.

In the db_changed method, you should connect all of the signals that will trigger an update. That typically looks like:

    def db_changed(self):
        self.dbstate.db.connect('person-add', self.update)
        self.dbstate.db.connect('person-delete', self.update)
        self.dbstate.db.connect('person-update', self.update)
        self.dbstate.db.connect('family-add', self.update)
        self.dbstate.db.connect('family-delete', self.update)
        self.dbstate.db.connect('family-update', self.update)

The method main() can be written as a normal Python method, or it can be written to run nicely in parallel with other GRAMPS code. To make it run nicely in parallel, you should issue a yield True every once in a while. For example:

    def main(self):
        for i in range(5000):
            if i % 500 == 0:
                yield True
        yield False

The True means that there is more to do; False means that there is nothing left to do.

Textual Output Methods

The most common kinds of Gramplets are text-based. There are a number of methods to assist with handling this text.

  • set_text(TEXT) - clear and set text to TEXT
  • append_text(TEXT, scroll_to=POSITION)
    • POSITION is 'begin' (top), 'end' (bottom) or 'start' (start of append)
  • clear_text() - clears all text
  • set_use_markup(BOOLEAN-VALUE)
  • render_text(TEXT) - for use with A, B, I, U, and TT tags
    • A for creating links; use tag HREF="url" for URLs, and WIKI="name" for pages on the wiki
    • B for bold
    • I for italics
    • U for underlined
    • TT for a fixed-width, typewriter font
  • link(TEXT, LINK-TYPE, DATA) -
    • TEXT can be any text
    • LINK-TYPE is:
      • 'Person' - and DATA is a person handle
      • 'PersonList' - and DATA is a list of handles
      • 'Family' - and DATA is a family handle
      • 'Surname' - and DATA is a person
      • 'Given' -
      • 'Filter' - and DATA is either:
        • 'all people' -
        • 'males' - all males
        • 'females' - all females
        • 'people with unknown gender' - people marked as unknown
        • 'people with incomplete names' - people who have a missing surname or given name
        • 'people with missing birth dates' - people who have missing birth dates
        • 'disconnected people' - people with no parents and no children
        • 'all families' - all families
        • 'unique surnames' - list of all unique surnames
        • 'people with media' - people who have media
        • 'media references' - all of the media
        • 'unique media' -
        • 'missing media' - media for which the file does not exist
        • 'media by size' -
        • 'list of people'-
      • 'URL' - and DATA is a URL
      • 'WIKI' - and DATA is a wiki page
      • 'Attribute' - and DATA is an attribute (eg, 'Nickname')
  • no_wrap() - turn word wrap off DEPRECATED
  • set_wrap(BOOL) - change word wrap

Using Tags

Tags are the manner in which you format the text.

   tag = self.gui.buffer.create_tag("fixed")
   tag.set_property("font", "Courier 8")
   start, end = self.gui.buffer.get_bounds()
   self.gui.buffer.apply_tag_by_name("fixed", start, end)
   self.append_text("", scroll_to="begin")

GUI Interface

Occasionally, you might have to dive down to the graphical objects that compose a Gramplet.

  • gui
    • gui.buffer
    • gui.textview
    • gui.get_container_widget()

If you wanted to put an arbitrary gtk object into the main area of a Gramplet, then you need to replace the standard textview object with your own. Here is the basic structure:

# File: Widget.py
from gettext import gettext as _
from gen.plug import Gramplet
import gtk

class WidgetGramplet(Gramplet):
    def init(self):
        self.gui.WIDGET = ### Some Widget Constructor ###
# File: Widget.gpr.py
         id= "Widget Gramplet", 
         name=_("Widget Gramplet"), 
         gramplet = "WidgetGramplet",
         gramps_target_version = "3.2",

In fact, with Python, gtk, and cairo, you can make your own widgets that do pretty much anything and look very nice. Here is an example adding a Cairo Clock (which really keeps time) to GRAMPS: ClockGramplet.addon.tgz

Here it is on the Gramplet view:

Clock on Gramplet View

and detached:

Clock Gramplet detached

GUI Options

  • add_option(OPTION)
    • OPTION is one of the menu options:
      • NumberOption
      • EnumeratedListOption
      • StringOption
      • ColorOption
      • TextOption
      • BooleanOption
      • FilterOption
      • PersonOption
      • FamilyOption
      • NoteOption
      • MediaOption
      • see src/gen/plug/menu/ for others
  • build_options()
  • save_options()
  • get_option_widget(TEXT)
  • get_option(TEXT)

Predifined Properties

There are a number of preset properties:

  • dbstate
    • dbstate.db
      • dbstate.db.connect(SIGNAL, METHOD)
      • dbstate.db.get_person_from_handle(HANDLE)
      • dbstate.get_active_person()
  • uistate


  • gui
    • gui.data
  • on_load()
  • on_save()
  • save_text_to_data()
  • load_data_to_text()

Advanced Settings

  • force_update: set True to have the gramplet update, even when minimized

Learning More

To learn more about writing a Gramplet, it is suggested to look at the existing Gramplets. You can see a complete list of the Gramplet source code here:

Click on a filename, and then "(view)" to see the source code of that Gramplet.