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Revision as of 13:08, 16 June 2011
- 1 Live CD
- 2 GRAMPSin automaattinen lataus ja asennus
- 3 GRAMPSin manuaalinen lataus ja asennus
- 4 Windows, BSD, MacOs, Solaris
- 5 Gnome ja KDE
- 6 Additional software GRAMPS can benefit from
- 7 Lähdekoogista asentaminen
- 7.1 General Requirements
- 7.2 Obtaining the source
- 7.3 Dealing with earlier versions
- 7.4 Installing from source code on Linux
- 7.5 Installing from source code on BSD
- 7.6 Installing from source code on Mac OS X
- 7.7 Installing from source code on Windows
- 7.8 Installing from source code on Solaris
- 8 GRAMPS on handhelds
Jos olet kiinnostunut GRAMPSistä, mutta et halua tai voi asentaa GRAMPSiä (esim.Tietokone ei ole sinun, ei internet-yhteyttä kotona, työpaikan kannettava,..). Silloin voit kokeilla GRAMPSiä turvallisesti Linux CD Live-levyltä. Tällöin voit kokeilla GRAMPSiä ja muita vapaita sukututkimus-ohjelmia levyltä asentamatta niitä. Kun olet varma, että asennat GRAMPSin voit asentaa sen Ubuntu 10.10 milloin haluat.
GRAMPSin automaattinen lataus ja asennus
Ennen kuin lataat GRAMPS:in tarkista käyttöjärjestelmäsi.GRAMPS:in eri versioita eri käyttöjärjestelmille löytyy Sourceforgesta(tästä linkistä). Katso käyttöjärjestelmäsi asennus ohjeet:
- Debian based systems (Ubuntu and it's variants, Mepis, Suse...):
sudo apt-get install gramps
- Gentoo (and Sabayon):
sudo emerge gramps
sudo urpmi gramps
- Redhat based systems (Fedora, CentOS...):
sudo yum install gramps
GRAMPSin manuaalinen lataus ja asennus
If you can't access the current version from your operating system's repositories you'll need to get it from this site. Some helpful users of GRAMPS have made packages for various systems. If you're lucky you'll find your system below. If it's missing you can contact the developers email list for advice.
- Ubuntu and derivatives (Kubuntu, Mephis, ...): Ubuntu packages are available on GRAMPS download page.
- (10.10) : gramps_3.3.0-1.deb
- (10.04) : gramps_3.3.0-1.deb
- Jaunty Jackalope (9.04) : download gramps_3.1.2-1_Ubuntu904.deb
- Intrepid Ibex (8.10) : download gramps_3.1.2-1_Ubuntu810.deb
- Hardy (8.04) : download gramps_3.1.1-1_Ubuntu840.deb
- Gutsy (7.10) : download gramps_3.0.3-1_Ubuntu710.deb
- Feisty (7.04) : download gramps_2.2.10-1_all.deb and gramps-help_2.2.10-1_all.deb , and install with your package manager. Standard you could use the gdebi package.
- Dapper, Edgy and before: 2.2.10 is not available yet, for now download gramps_2.2.8-1dapper1_all.deb and gramps-help_2.2.8-1dapper1_all.deb , and install with your package manager.
- SuSE: Richard Bos has been providing the GRAMPS releases for SuSE's apt repository. They are available from his rbos repository. See also the forum entry about satisfying GRAMPS dependencies for SuSE with the rbos and SMART.
- Mandriva: Newer versions of GRAMPS are sometimes backported. To install backports you must enable the backports repository (make sure you understand the instructions on the Mandriva wiki). If the latest version is not in the backports repository you cab try the contrib repository.
- Fedora: For Fedora Core 6 look on the GRAMPS download page for a package containing fc6 and ending with .rpm. For Fedora 7, fc7 and so on. The alternative to installing from source is to build a package from an rpm spec file, or install a binary from fedora testing.
- Debian: the latest version should be in the unstable repository (Sid Gramps) and can be upgraded from your package manager. The testing repository is updated 10 days later (except near a new stable release), see Lenny Gramps.
Note: Different GNU/Linux distributions have different preferred ways to download and install packages for GRAMPS. Please read the installation instructions specific to your distribution before downloading.
In all other cases, you must download the source package (the file ending with '.tar.gz') and install GRAMPS manually. See the section about installing from source for details.
Windows, BSD, MacOs, Solaris
For Windows, there is an experimental Windows installer. If this installer does not offer the most recent versions of GRAMPS in Windows, you need to wait until a new installer is made available. For Windows user: See also some additional information on page GRAMPS_and_Windows.
For MacOSX, both the Fink project and MacPorts have Gramps as a installable package. Fink currently has very old versions available it in the package database. Detailed instructions on using both these systems to install recent versions of gramps are given under Installing from source code on Mac OS X
For BSD and Solaris there are experimental install instructions below. For FreeBSD use the /usr/ports/science/gramps port.
Gnome ja KDE
You can use both, but GRAMPS fits in better with GNOME. For KDE there are some minor issues due to some (GTK) issues outside of GRAMPS. Check the KDE page to know what these problems might be.
Additional software GRAMPS can benefit from
GRAMPS does not rely on the following programs, however, having them will increase your productivity:
- Gnome-print: It adds the ability to directly print, to preview, and to generate fully internationalized PS and PDF output. At this time, one needs to install gnome-python-desktop to obtain this package (it might be known under different names, eg on debian python-gnome2-desktop).
- Spell checking: Installing python-gnome2-extras provides the gtkspell module, which adds spell checking in the notes
- Graphviz, Inkscape: Gramps can make nice Genealogical trees (relationship graphs). These are generated by the Graphviz package, which defines a code (dot), as well as programs to produce graphs (dotty, to be called from command line). This gives you as researcher most power over how your tree will look, but has a learning curve. An alternative is to make a graphical report, converting the tree to an svg file, which you then can open/edit/refine in eg Inkscape.
- ttf-freefont: Useful as a font that supports a large subset of the unicode and is a true type. This works well with both gnomeprint and graphviz output.
- pyexiv2 is a module that allows Gramps to read and write metadata embedded in image files. It is used in the Metadata Viewer and Image Metadata gramplets.
Other packages might also be useful:
- desktop-file-utils: see list of programs to open a media file on right click on an image
GRAMPS 2.0 requires python 2.3 and the gnome-python and pygtk2 packages. The gnome-python module should be 2.6.0 or greater. The pygtk package should be version 2.5.0 or greater.
Also librsvg2-common is needed. This is a common error at the moment in some packages. Without this library, the icons are not shown.
Linux Package Requirements
|Debian /Ubuntu||Fedora /Redhat||Comment|
|python||python||Required (needs version 2.5 or later)|
|pygtk2||pygtk2||Required (needs 2.5.0 or greater)|
|xdg-utils||xdg-utils||Required (Gramps-3.1.x or later)|
|rcs||rcs||Suggested for running|
|librsvg2-common||librsvg2||Required for building|
|librsvg2-devel||Required for building|
|intltool||Required for building|
|gcc, make, gettext||Required for building|
Obtaining the source
- The lastest stable version of GRAMPS can be downloaded from the GRAMPS SourceForge page. As of this writing, this is gramps-5.1.4.tar.gz. Extract this file into a directory:
tar xzvf gramps-zzz.tar.gz
and then go into this directory:
- If you are interested in testing out the very latest development versions of GRAMPS, they can be obtained from SVN, see Brief introduction to SVN. The SVN versions of GRAMPS are potentially very dangerous as they have not been extensively tested - especially the "trunk" version which contains features that may still be partly implemented. Be aware that they may be prone to crashing and cause extensive data loss. Please use with extreme caution - and only ever on a copy of your data!
Dealing with earlier versions
If you have an older version of the Gramps source code installed you need to make a decision what you want to do with it before installing a later version. If you wish to keep the old version, make sure that you read the instructions in the INSTALL file regarding the use of the --prefix option to specify where the new version gets installed.
Should you just want to do a straightforward replacement instead, make sure that you remove the older version before you install the new version. Do not install over the top of the old version. As new versions of Gramps are developed, some functionality is occasionally rewritten in different ways. If you install over the top of an existing installation you run the risk that the old code left behind from the old version may be used instead of the new, sometimes with unintended consequences. If you installed from source, the best way of removing the old version is to run
as root from where you installed the version from. Use your distribution's package manager to uninstall if your old version was installed as a package.
Installing from source code on Linux
GRAMPS provides a script that can be used to prepare the code for building. This script automatically calls the standard configure script:
This script will report any missing dependencies. Install these (see also INSTALL file). Building from source code typically requires that the development versions of the required libraries be installed. You might consider setting a prefix path with autogen.sh, see the INSTALL file for instructions. Standard install is in /usr/local.
Once a successful run of autogen.sh has been completed, you can run the typical make procedure.
make (as user)
make install (as root)
Installing from source code on BSD
Installing on BSD is as straithforward as on linux, apart from some minor issues like tools having different names. See the BSD page for details.
Installing from source code on Mac OS X
Version 3.0.1 has been successfully installed via fink, see: Mac OS X fink local
Some users have successfully installed GRAMPS on Mac OS X. See the Mac OS X page for details. Please, add to the wiki if you successfully installed GRAMPS on OS X.
Installing from source code on Windows
Fortunately for users of Microsoft Windows, some users have made a Windows installer. So far there have not been any reports of serious differences between the official builds of GRAMPS and the Windows Installer, so the future looks promising. But please, use this at your own risk. The developers of GRAMPS provide the space for this install page, but are not responsible for it.
If the dependencies are in place, the development version can be tested by getting the source (see above), renaming the file const.py.in to const.py, and executing "python gramps.py" from within the src directory. Of course, this is a development version on an unsupported platform, so warnings apply even more to this case than when using the installer. (I have not managed to get a localized build working this way.)
Installing from source code on Solaris
Version 3.0.1 has been successfully installed from source on both Solaris 10 (SPARC) and OpenSolaris X86 (2008.05). Please see the Solaris page for step-by-step details.
GRAMPS on handhelds
GRAMPS can run fine on some small-factor devices. Users have been successfull in using GRAMPS on: