Difference between revisions of "Es:Instalación"
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== Última versión publicada ==
== Última versión publicada ==
Revision as of 10:17, 20 April 2012
- 1 Última versión publicada
- 2 Actualizando Gramps
- 3 Software adicional del que GRAMPS se puede beneficiar
- 4 Linux
- 5 Windows, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, Solaris
- 6 Instalando GRAMPS desde el código fuente
Última versión publicada
La última versión publicada es GRAMPS 4.2.0. Esta versión puede que no esté disponible aun para tu plataforma. Por favor, visita la página de Descargas para mayor información.
Si estás actualizando GRAMPS de una versión previa, debes primero seguir estas instrucciones.
If you are Upgrading Gramps from a previous version you should first:
- Use your old version of GRAMPS to export your Family Trees to GRAMPS XML (uncheck privacy options on Exporter Assistant)
- Uninstall your old version of GRAMPS
- Install the new version of GRAMPS by following the instructions below
- Create a new Family Tree
- Import your old GRAMPS XML data
Software adicional del que GRAMPS se puede beneficiar
GRAMPS does not rely on the following programs, however, having them will increase your productivity:
- Spell checking: Installing gnome-python2-extras and python-enchant provides the gtkspell module and the enchant module, which adds spell checking in the notes
- Graphviz, Inkscape: Gramps can make nice Genealogical trees (relationship graphs). These are generated by the Graphviz package, which defines a code (dot), as well as programs to produce graphs (dotty, to be called from command line). This gives you as researcher most power over how your tree will look, but has a learning curve. An alternative is to make a graphical report, converting the tree to an svg file, which you then can open/edit/refine in eg Inkscape.
- ttf-freefont: Useful as a font that supports a large subset of the unicode and is a true type. This works well with both print and graphviz output.
- XdgUtils is a set of command line tools that assist applications with a variety of desktop integration tasks. About half of the tools focus on tasks commonly required during the installation of a desktop application and the other half focuses on integration with the desktop environment while the application is running. Even if the desktop components of your application are limited to an installer, configuration or management tool, Xdg-utils provides you with an easy way to enhance the usage experience of your customers by improving the integration of these components in the user's environment.
- pyexiv2 is a module that allows Gramps to read and write metadata embedded in image files. It is used in the Metadata Viewer and Edit Exif Metadata gramplets.
- osmgpsmap is a library which provides GPS mapping functionality. It is used in the Geography views.
Other packages might also be useful:
- desktop-file-utils: see list of programs to open a media file on right click on an image
Descarga e instalación automática de GRAMPS
Before downloading GRAMPS from this site, see if your operating system's repository makes the current GRAMPS 4.2.0 version available. You could also visit GRAMPS stable on Sourceforge and look at the version number of the top package.
To check what is available specifically for your Linux operating system some methods are listed below:
|Linux Operating System||Command Line|
|Debian based systems
(Ubuntu & variants, Mepis,...)
|Gentoo (and Sabayon)|
|Redhat based systems
Dexcarga e instalación manual de GRAMPS
If your Linux operating systems repository does not have the current version, then you may be able to download it from this site. Some helpful users of GRAMPS have made packages for various systems. If you are lucky you'll find your system below. If it's missing you can contact the developers email list for advice.
Ubuntu y sus derivados
Repository packages for Ubuntu and derivatives (Kubuntu, Mephis, LinuxMint, ...): are available on GRAMPS download page.
|Ubuntu (Version)|| GRAMPS
|Jaunty Jackalope (9.04)||3.2.2||gramps_3.2.2-1_Ubuntu09.deb|
|Intrepid Ibex (8.10)||3.1.3||gramps-3.1.3-1_Ubuntu.deb|
|Feisty (7.04)||2.2.10||Download gramps_2.2.10-1_all.deb|
and gramps-help_2.2.10-1_all.deb, and install with your package manager.
and earlier versions of Ubuntu
and gramps-help_2.2.8-1dapper1_all.deb, and install with your package manager.
Debian: the latest version should be in the unstable repository (Sid Gramps) and can be upgraded from your package manager. The testing repository is updated 10 days later (except near a new stable release), see Testing Gramps. Released versions of Debian (etch and lenny) contain older versions of GRAMPS, see the list of versions of GRAMPS in Debian.
SuSE: Richard Bos has been providing the GRAMPS releases for OpenSUSE. The repository for OpenSUSE 11.1 is available from  or . Note that at the time of writing this repository is not the same as that in the repository list as "Education" and must be added as a URL. The repository for 11.0 is  and 10.3 is . For earlier versions of OpenSUSE (10.2) see the forum entry about satisfying GRAMPS dependencies for SuSE with the rbos and SMART. Also, there is an other alternative using openSUSE BuildService.
Mandriva: Newer versions of GRAMPS are sometimes backported. To install backports you must enable the backports repository (make sure you understand the instructions on the Mandriva wiki). If the latest version is not in the backports repository you cab try the contrib repository.
Fedora: For Fedora look on the GRAMPS download page for a package containing fc with your number and ending with .rpm. The alternative to installing from source is to build a package from an rpm spec file, or install a binary from fedora testing.
Slackware 13.0: Gramps 3.2.5 is available via LinuxPackages.
Otras distribuciones GNU/Linux
Different GNU/Linux distributions have other preferred ways to download and install packages for GRAMPS. Please read the installation instructions specific to your distribution before downloading.
In all other cases, you must download the stable source package (the file ending with '.tar.gz') and install GRAMPS manually. See the section about installing from source for details.
Gnome y KDE
You can use both, but GRAMPS fits in better with GNOME.
For KDE there are some minor issues due to some (GTK) issues outside of GRAMPS. Check the KDE page to know what these problems might be.
For GNOME, there are some issues due to some (ATK/GAIL) issues outside of GRAMPS. Check the Known issues to know what these problems might be.
Also, you might look at XdgUtils.
GRAMPS en dispositivos móviles
GRAMPS can run fine on some small-factor devices. Users have been successful in using GRAMPS on:
Live Genealogy CD
If you are interested in GRAMPS, but are afraid to actually install it or unable to install it (not your PC, windows, no internet at home, work laptop, ...), then try out our Linux Genealogy CD. It runs without installing on the hard disk and contains a collection of open source, free, genealogy programs. You can then install Ubuntu 10.10 and GRAMPS from the CD anytime you like.
Windows, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, Solaris
Be aware there is a least 3 different ways you can install/use GRAMPS under windows. The method you choose will be dependent on your requirements and how much extra work you wish to put into setting up your environment. In order of difficulty:
- GRAMPS All-in-one installer (AIO) - While still under development the AIO installer has the lowest barrier of entry, see All In One Gramps Software Bundle for Windows for more information.
- GRAMPS Portable - Allows you to Run GRAMPS from a portable drive and can be installed to the local hard drive see the PortableApps.com Gramps Portable page for more information.
- GRAMPS installer (minimal) - Stable installer, however it requires you to install all of GRAMPS dependencies prior to installing GRAMPS. see Installing Windows dependencies first.
More information of each of these installation methods can be seen on the download page.
- Additional information for Windows users is on page GRAMPS and Windows.
Construyendo desde las fuentes
Fortunately for users of Microsoft Windows, some users have made a Windows installer. So far there have not been any reports of serious differences between the official builds of GRAMPS and the Windows Installer, so the future looks promising, but please, use this at your own risk.
Mac OS X
A ready-to-run application for Max OS X has been available since September 2009 for both Intel and PPC Apple computers. It is wise to back-up data carefully before using the application (especially if you are upgrading from a previous version of Gramps).
Please read the installation instructions at Mac OS X:Application package before you use the program.
Free/OpenBSD y Solaris
For FreeBSD and Solaris there are experimental install instructions.
- For FreeBSD use the /usr/ports/science/gramps port. In case of error on FreeBSD 8.0, read ticket 3228.
- For OpenBSD use the gramps port
- Installing on BSD is as straightforward as on Linux, apart from some minor issues like tools having different names. See the BSD page for details.
- GRAMPS has been successfully installed from source on both Solaris 10 (SPARC) and OpenSolaris X86 (2008.05). Please see the Solaris page for step-by-step details.
Instalando GRAMPS desde el código fuente
GRAMPS 4.2.0 requires python 2.6 or greater, pygtk 2.16 or greater and librsvg2
Paquetes Linux requeridos
|Debian /Ubuntu||Fedora /Redhat||Comment|
|python||python||Required (needs version 2.6 or later)|
|python-gtk2||pygtk2||Required (needs 2.16 or greater)|
|librsvg2-common||librsvg2||Required for building|
|libglib2.0-dev||glib2-devel||Required for building|
|librsvg2-devel||Required for building|
|intltool||intltool||Required for building|
|gcc make gettext||Required for building|
|xdg-utils||xdg-utils||Required for Gramps-3.1.x or later|
|rcs||rcs||Suggested for running|
|python-gtkspell||gnome-python2-gtkspell||Suggested for running (spell check). Included in the python-gnome2-extras package in older Debian distributions.|
|python-webkit python-gtkmozembed||WebKitgtk pywebkitgtk||Required for the HTML view|
|python-pygoocanvas||goocanvas pygoocanvas||Required for Graph View|
|graphviz||graphviz graphviz-python||Required for some reports and views|
|Django||Required for http://gramps-connect.org Gramps-Connect|
|python-pyexiv2||pyexiv2||Required for the Metadata Viewer and Edit Exif Metadata gramplets|
|libosmgpsmap-dev python-osmgpsmap||osm-gps-map||Required for the Geography views|
|gtk2-engines-pixbuf||Solves issue with 'Unable to locate theme engine in module_path: "pixmap"'|
Under Redhat/Fedora you can install all of the above with:
sudo yum install python pygtk2 xdg-utils rcs gnome-python2-gtkspell librsvg2 \ librsvg2-devel intltool gnome-doc-utils gcc automake autoconf autogen \ gettext WebKitgtk pywebkitgtk goocanvas pygoocanvas graphviz graphviz-python \ Django pyexiv2 inkscape ImageMagick
Obteniendo las fuentes
There are two ways to get the source code: download a stable version source, or checkout the source from svn. Please, now is the time to read the INSTALL and README files accompanying the code. They come with the most recent information. Details on each download method:
1. Descarga una versión estable
- The latest stable version of GRAMPS can be downloaded from the GRAMPS SourceForge file area. Eg: gramps-4.2.0.tar.gz. Extract this file into a directory:
tar xzvf gramps-zzz.tar.gz
and then go into this directory:
- If you are interested in testing out the very latest development versions of GRAMPS, they can be obtained from SVN, see Brief introduction to SVN. The SVN versions of GRAMPS are potentially very dangerous as they have not been extensively tested - especially the "trunk" version which contains features that may still be partly implemented. Be aware that they may be prone to crashing and cause extensive data loss. Please use with extreme caution - and only ever on a copy of your data!
2. Descarga desde SVN
You can get a branch version (similar as above) or the latest bleeding-edge version through SVN, such as:
for the most recent development version, see Running a development version of Gramps.
3. Un archivo Tarball desde SVN
You can get tarball for last sources.
If you have an older version of the GRAMPS source code installed you need to make a decision what you want to do with it before installing a later version. If you wish to keep the old version, make sure that you read the instructions in the INSTALL file regarding the use of the --prefix option to specify where the new version gets installed.
Should you just want to do a straightforward replacement instead, make sure that you remove the older version before you install the new version. Do not install over the top of the old version. As new versions of Gramps are developed, some functionality is occasionally rewritten in different ways. If you install over the top of an existing installation you run the risk that the old code left behind from the old version may be used instead of the new, sometimes with unintended consequences. If you installed from source, the best way of removing the old version is to run
as root from where you installed the old version. Use your distribution's package manager to uninstall if your old version was installed as a package.
Note that you should use your old GRAMPS version to export backup copies to GRAMPS XML before removing the old version.
GRAMPS provides a script that can be used to prepare the code for building. This script automatically calls the standard configure script:
./autogen.sh # as regular user
This script will report any missing dependencies. Install these (see also INSTALL file). Building from source code typically requires that the development versions of the required libraries be installed. You might consider setting a prefix path with autogen.sh, see the INSTALL file for instructions. Standard install is in /usr/local.
Once a successful run of autogen.sh has been completed, you can run the typical make procedure.
make # as regular user
make install # as root
Local installation without root privileges is possible, instructions are available on the INSTALL file, most importantly one needs to supply a
--prefix= and a
--with-mime-dir= argument to
Mac OS X:construyendo desde las fuentes
There are several different ways of building Gramps from source on Mac OS X. An overview of building from source is given at Mac OS X:Build from source.
The latest version of MacPorts Gramps is 4.2.0. The latest official unstable fink version is 3.0.4 for Mac OS X 10.5 on both PPC and Intel. There is currently no official stable fink version of Gramps. (As at February 2012)
Instructions for building the pre-built binary version (Mac OX X Application package) are given at Mac OS X:Build from source:Application package. Some discussion about earlier attempts is at Mac OS X:Build from source:gtk-osx with bugs reported at Mac OS X:Build from source:gtk-osx:bugs
An older build approach is given at Mac OS X:Build from source:Native OS X.