Difference between revisions of "Baptise record"

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Baptise records are an important source of genealogical information. In many countries, churches were the only institutions keeping records of baptises, and hence of births.
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{{languages|Baptise_record}}
  
[[Category:Sources]]
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Baptism records are an important source of genealogical information. In many countries, churches were the only institutions keeping records of baptisms, and hence of births.
  
== The Baptise record ==  
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== The baptism record ==  
This record is normally a very short piece of text. However, important information can be learnt from it: name of child, date of baptise, date of birth, parents name, witnesses name, place of residence. Furthermore, from the signatures one can determine of the parents/witnesses had basic schooling.  
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This record is normally a very short piece of text. However, important information can be learned from it: name of child, date of baptism, date of birth, parents' names, witnesses names, place of residence. Furthermore, from the signatures one can determine that the parents/witnesses had basic schooling.  
  
 
== Through history ==
 
== Through history ==
===Catholic church===
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===Catholic Church===
The catholic church started the habit to keep registries for the sacraments of baptise and marriage. This habit started in the 14th century in Italy and France. The oldest known registries are kept in the city of Geiry (France) and date from 1334.  
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The Catholic Church started to keep registries for the sacraments of baptism and marriage. This started in the 14th century in Italy and France. The oldest known registries are kept in the city of Geiry (France) and date back to 1334.  
  
The catholic church decided during the concily of Trente, 11 novembre 1563 on the rules concerning the keeping of parish registries for baptises and marriages. Since 1614 also death records are obligatory. These dates are hence the earliest dates one can realistically attempt to obtain in the creation of a family tree.
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The Catholic Church decided during the Council of Trente on November 11, 1563 on the rules concerning the keeping of parish registries for baptisms and marriages. Since 1614 death records also became obligatory. These dates are hence the earliest dates one can realistically attempt to obtain in the creation of a family tree.
  
Note that the introduction of a civil office occurs in general in the period following the French revolution. These documents, [[birth certificate]]s, are in general more easy to track than baptise records.
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Note that the introduction of a civil office occurs in general in the period following the French Revolution. These documents, [[birth certificate]]s, are in general more easy to track than baptism records.
  
 
== Examples ==
 
== Examples ==
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:<code>10 jan bap(tizavi) adrianuam jacobam f(ili)am adriani van poeke et isabelle raeman conj(ugum) natam hodie 3 pom(eridiana):susc(eptores):Jacobus De geest et Adriana Meirlaens. J.B. van Hecke, vicep(astor)</code>
 
:<code>10 jan bap(tizavi) adrianuam jacobam f(ili)am adriani van poeke et isabelle raeman conj(ugum) natam hodie 3 pom(eridiana):susc(eptores):Jacobus De geest et Adriana Meirlaens. J.B. van Hecke, vicep(astor)</code>
  
It's English translation is:
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Its English translation is:
 
:<code>10 january I baptised Adriana Jacoba, daughter of Andreas Van Poecke and Isabella Raeman, married couple, born today 3 o'clock in the afternoon, witnesses Jacobus De Geest and Adriana Meirlaens. J.B. Van Hecke, vicepastor.</code>
 
:<code>10 january I baptised Adriana Jacoba, daughter of Andreas Van Poecke and Isabella Raeman, married couple, born today 3 o'clock in the afternoon, witnesses Jacobus De Geest and Adriana Meirlaens. J.B. Van Hecke, vicepastor.</code>
  
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From these few lines of text, a lot of information is available:
 
From these few lines of text, a lot of information is available:
 
* the repository where the source is found
 
* the repository where the source is found
* the source where this record is in
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* the source where this record is located
 
* the page/number of the entry (if present), and the effective text (in original language and translated)
 
* the page/number of the entry (if present), and the effective text (in original language and translated)
* name father  
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* father's name
* name mother  
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* mother's name
* name child
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* child's name
* date of baptise (parish where it is performed)
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* date of baptism (and parish where it is performed)
 
* date and hour of birth (place of birth can sometimes be inferred)
 
* date and hour of birth (place of birth can sometimes be inferred)
 
* names of two witnesses
 
* names of two witnesses
 
* name of priest
 
* name of priest
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 +
{{languages|Baptise_record}}
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[[Category:Sources]]

Revision as of 23:04, 26 September 2011

Baptism records are an important source of genealogical information. In many countries, churches were the only institutions keeping records of baptisms, and hence of births.

The baptism record

This record is normally a very short piece of text. However, important information can be learned from it: name of child, date of baptism, date of birth, parents' names, witnesses names, place of residence. Furthermore, from the signatures one can determine that the parents/witnesses had basic schooling.

Through history

Catholic Church

The Catholic Church started to keep registries for the sacraments of baptism and marriage. This started in the 14th century in Italy and France. The oldest known registries are kept in the city of Geiry (France) and date back to 1334.

The Catholic Church decided during the Council of Trente on November 11, 1563 on the rules concerning the keeping of parish registries for baptisms and marriages. Since 1614 death records also became obligatory. These dates are hence the earliest dates one can realistically attempt to obtain in the creation of a family tree.

Note that the introduction of a civil office occurs in general in the period following the French Revolution. These documents, birth certificates, are in general more easy to track than baptism records.

Examples

1748, Belgium

Birthcert-1748-belgium.png

The image to the left is a birth certificate from 1748, found in a parish registry of a parish near Ghent, Belgium. The Latin text reads roughly:

10 jan bap(tizavi) adrianuam jacobam f(ili)am adriani van poeke et isabelle raeman conj(ugum) natam hodie 3 pom(eridiana):susc(eptores):Jacobus De geest et Adriana Meirlaens. J.B. van Hecke, vicep(astor)

Its English translation is:

10 january I baptised Adriana Jacoba, daughter of Andreas Van Poecke and Isabella Raeman, married couple, born today 3 o'clock in the afternoon, witnesses Jacobus De Geest and Adriana Meirlaens. J.B. Van Hecke, vicepastor.

Furthermore, the top of the page in the registry lists 1748.

From these few lines of text, a lot of information is available:

  • the repository where the source is found
  • the source where this record is located
  • the page/number of the entry (if present), and the effective text (in original language and translated)
  • father's name
  • mother's name
  • child's name
  • date of baptism (and parish where it is performed)
  • date and hour of birth (place of birth can sometimes be inferred)
  • names of two witnesses
  • name of priest