Difference between revisions of "Accessibility"

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* [http://www.projectpossibility.org/ Possibility] project is a nonprofit organization dedicated to creating groundbreaking open source software for persons with disabilities.
 
* [http://www.projectpossibility.org/ Possibility] project is a nonprofit organization dedicated to creating groundbreaking open source software for persons with disabilities.
 +
 +
* [http://accelibreinfo.eu Accelibreinfo]: a new eye on computing, improve the accessibility and setting computer.
  
 
==Gramps==
 
==Gramps==
  
 
Gramps aims to provide the best accessibility support.
 
Gramps aims to provide the best accessibility support.
Unfortunatly, all parts of the interface have not been always tested for persons with disabilities.
+
Unfortunatly, all parts of the interface have not been tested for persons with disabilities.
 
Gramps team try to do its best for a complete accessibility support.
 
Gramps team try to do its best for a complete accessibility support.
  
 
===Into Glade===
 
===Into Glade===
 +
 +
In addition to [http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkWidget.html#id1294298 accelerators], ''[http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkWidget.html GtkWidget]'' also support a custom <accessible> element, which supports actions and relations. Properties on the accessible implementation of an object can be set by accessing the internal child "accessible" of a ''[http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkWidget.html GtkWidget]''. See [http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkWidget.html#GtkWidget-BUILDER-UI GtkBuilder UI].
  
 
* Gtk label
 
* Gtk label
  
''GtkLabel'' automaticaly generates accessibility keys on next ''GtkEntry'' and ''UndoableEntry'' fields.
+
''A [http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkLabel.html GtkLabel]'' '''with mnemonic support''' will automaticaly generate accessibility keys on linked ''[http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkEntry.html GtkEntry]'' and ''UndoableEntry'' fields. Remember that Gramps also uses custom widgets like ''StyledTextEditor'' and ''ValidatableMaskedEntry'', which do not always have relation with a ''GtkLabel''.
Remember that Gramps also uses custom widgets like ''StyledTextEditor'' and ''ValidatableMaskedEntry'', which do not always provide relation with a ''GtkLabel''.
+
  
 
* Toggle buttons and Icons on toolbar
 
* Toggle buttons and Icons on toolbar
  
Gramps often uses toggle buttons and alone image (no label), this excludes blind people and generates a poor interface for accessibility.
+
Gramps often uses ''[http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkToggleButton.html GtkToggleButtons]'' and alone ''[http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkImage.html GtkImage]'' (image without label), this excludes blind people and generates a poor interface for accessibility.
  
'''''TODO''''' (need to look further)
+
====Rules for images and buttons====
  
Think on accessibility support for widgets without Gtk label or alone image on a toggle button, by adding:
+
# Set a name (eg, same as tooltip) for a button with image.
  <property name="AtkObject::accessible-name" translatable="yes" comments="">Name access</property>
+
# Set a description for all images and icons.
  ...
+
 
  <accessibility>
+
  <object class="GtkButton" id="date_edit">
   <relation type="labelled-by" target="label209"/>
+
  <property name="visible">True</property>
</accessibility>
+
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
 +
  <property name="receives_default">True</property>
 +
  <property name="has_tooltip">True</property>
 +
  <property name="tooltip_text" translatable="yes">Invoke date editor</property>
 +
  <property name="relief">none</property>
 +
  <child internal-child="accessible">
 +
    <object class="AtkObject" id="date_edit-atkobject">
 +
      <property name="AtkObject::accessible-name" translatable="yes">Date</property>
 +
    </object>
 +
  </child>
 +
  <child>
 +
    <object class="GtkImage" id="image2264">
 +
      <property name="visible">True</property>
 +
      <property name="icon_name">gramps-date</property>
 +
      <child internal-child="accessible">
 +
        <object class="AtkObject" id="image2264-atkobject">
 +
          <property name="AtkObject::accessible-description" translatable="yes">Date</property>
 +
        </object>
 +
      </child>
 +
    </object>
 +
  </child>
 +
  </object>
 +
 
 +
====Rules for labels and buttons====
 +
 
 +
* A label for others widgets should use mnemonic_widget() or a relation.
 +
 
 +
  <object class="GtkLabel" id="label2">
 +
   <property name="visible">True</property>
 +
  <property name="xalign">0</property>
 +
  <property name="label" translatable="yes">La_bel:</property>
 +
  <property name="use_underline">True</property>
 +
  <property name="justify">center</property>
 +
  <property name="mnemonic_widget">related_label_entry_name</property>
 +
</object>
 +
 
 +
<object class="GtkButton" id="button1">
 +
  <property name="visible">True</property>
 +
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
 +
  <property name="receives_default">True</property>
 +
  <accessibility>
 +
    <relation type="labelled-by" target="label4"/>
 +
  </accessibility>
 +
</object>
 +
 
 +
====Rules for entry====
 +
 
 +
* Set a name (eg, same as tooltip) if there is no linked mnemonic_widget() on a label.
 +
 
 +
<object class="StyledTextEditor" id="styled_text1">
 +
  <property name="visible">True</property>
 +
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
 +
  <child internal-child="accessible">
 +
    <object class="AtkObject" id="styled_text1-atkobject">
 +
      <property name="AtkObject::accessible-name" translatable="yes">Styled Text Editor</property>
 +
    </object>
 +
  </child>
 +
</object>
 +
 
 +
====Focus and tooltip====
 +
 
 +
 
 +
* Think on focus for button.
 +
 
 +
<object class="GtkToggleButton" id="togglebutton1">
 +
  <property name="visible">True</property>
 +
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
 +
  <property name="has_focus">True</property>
 +
  <property name="is_focus">True</property>
 +
  <property name="receives_default">True</property>
 +
  <property name="active">True</property>
 +
  <property name="draw_indicator">True</property>
 +
</object>
 +
 
 +
* Think on tooltip.
 +
 
 +
<property name="has_tooltip">True</property>
 +
<property name="tooltip_text" translatable="yes">Display a tooltip</property>
  
 
===Into python===
 
===Into python===
  
====Sample====
+
====ATK object====
  
 
  # mark the root of this window with its PID so we can easily identify it
 
  # mark the root of this window with its PID so we can easily identify it
Line 57: Line 137:
 
  entry_acc.add_relationship(atk.RelationType.LABELLED_BY, label_acc)
 
  entry_acc.add_relationship(atk.RelationType.LABELLED_BY, label_acc)
  
 +
====Focus====
 +
 +
Sample for setting the [http://developer.gnome.org/gtk/2.24/GtkWidget.html#gtk-widget-grab-focus focus] on the date field if that date field is empty:
 +
 +
def _post_init(self):
 +
    date = self.top.get_object('eer_date_entry')
 +
    if not date.get_text_length():
 +
        date.grab_focus();
 +
 +
====Validate====
 +
 +
[http://live.gnome.org/Accerciser/ Accerciser] provides an [http://live.gnome.org/Accerciser/Validate AT-SPI Validator Plugin] #{{bug|5313}}.
  
 
===Bugs and feature requests===
 
===Bugs and feature requests===
  
* #3069: GtkTreeView is very slow / crashes with Assistive Technologies / ATK / a11y enabled [http://www.gramps-project.org/bugs/view.php?id=3069]
+
* #{{bug|2519}}: Pressing 'Enter' should normally activate OK
* #5301: ATK support [http://www.gramps-project.org/bugs/view.php?id=5301]
+
* #{{bug|3069}}: GtkTreeView is very slow / crashes with Assistive Technologies / ATK / a11y enabled
* #5308: Review focus on Editors with toggle buttons [http://www.gramps-project.org/bugs/view.php?id=5308]
+
* #{{bug|5301}}: ATK support
* #5309: Review ValidatableMaskedEntry for a better Accessibility support [http://www.gramps-project.org/bugs/view.php?id=5309]
+
* #{{bug|5308}}: Review focus on Editors with toggle buttons
 +
* #{{bug|5309}}: Review ValidatableMaskedEntry for a better Accessibility support
 +
* #{{bug|5310}}: Missing Date field on MediaRef Editor
 +
* #{{bug|5312}}: Make tooltip on date edition toggle button consistent
 +
* #{{bug|5313}}: AT-SPI issues
 +
* #{{bug|5314}}: Missing Tags environment on MediaRef Editor
 +
* #{{bug|5320}}: Privacy icon/button is not consistent
 +
* #{{bug|5349}}: Filter and "Quick Filter" are not applied when you press [Enter]
 +
* #{{bug|5350}}: Focus on the "Quick Filter" field is lost after clicking on "Find"
 +
* #{{bug|5351}}: Focus on event window should be set to "Event type" by default
 +
 
 +
= Related pages =
  
 +
* [[Usability]]
 +
* [[OptimizeMenuNames]]
  
 
[[Category:Developers/General]]
 
[[Category:Developers/General]]

Revision as of 03:44, 25 February 2012

Accessibility support

Links

  • AEGIS acronym stands for Open Accessibility Everywhere: Groundwork, Infrastructure, Standards.
  • Possibility project is a nonprofit organization dedicated to creating groundbreaking open source software for persons with disabilities.
  • Accelibreinfo: a new eye on computing, improve the accessibility and setting computer.

Gramps

Gramps aims to provide the best accessibility support. Unfortunatly, all parts of the interface have not been tested for persons with disabilities. Gramps team try to do its best for a complete accessibility support.

Into Glade

In addition to accelerators, GtkWidget also support a custom <accessible> element, which supports actions and relations. Properties on the accessible implementation of an object can be set by accessing the internal child "accessible" of a GtkWidget. See GtkBuilder UI.

  • Gtk label

A GtkLabel with mnemonic support will automaticaly generate accessibility keys on linked GtkEntry and UndoableEntry fields. Remember that Gramps also uses custom widgets like StyledTextEditor and ValidatableMaskedEntry, which do not always have relation with a GtkLabel.

  • Toggle buttons and Icons on toolbar

Gramps often uses GtkToggleButtons and alone GtkImage (image without label), this excludes blind people and generates a poor interface for accessibility.

Rules for images and buttons

  1. Set a name (eg, same as tooltip) for a button with image.
  2. Set a description for all images and icons.
<object class="GtkButton" id="date_edit">
  <property name="visible">True</property>
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
  <property name="receives_default">True</property>
  <property name="has_tooltip">True</property>
  <property name="tooltip_text" translatable="yes">Invoke date editor</property>
  <property name="relief">none</property>
  <child internal-child="accessible">
    <object class="AtkObject" id="date_edit-atkobject">
      <property name="AtkObject::accessible-name" translatable="yes">Date</property>
    </object>
  </child>
  <child>
    <object class="GtkImage" id="image2264">
      <property name="visible">True</property>
      <property name="icon_name">gramps-date</property>
      <child internal-child="accessible">
        <object class="AtkObject" id="image2264-atkobject">
          <property name="AtkObject::accessible-description" translatable="yes">Date</property>
        </object>
      </child>
    </object>
  </child>
</object>

Rules for labels and buttons

  • A label for others widgets should use mnemonic_widget() or a relation.
<object class="GtkLabel" id="label2">
  <property name="visible">True</property>
  <property name="xalign">0</property>
  <property name="label" translatable="yes">La_bel:</property>
  <property name="use_underline">True</property>
  <property name="justify">center</property>
  <property name="mnemonic_widget">related_label_entry_name</property>
</object>
<object class="GtkButton" id="button1">
  <property name="visible">True</property>
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
  <property name="receives_default">True</property>
  <accessibility>
    <relation type="labelled-by" target="label4"/>
  </accessibility>
</object>

Rules for entry

  • Set a name (eg, same as tooltip) if there is no linked mnemonic_widget() on a label.
<object class="StyledTextEditor" id="styled_text1">
  <property name="visible">True</property>
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
  <child internal-child="accessible">
    <object class="AtkObject" id="styled_text1-atkobject">
      <property name="AtkObject::accessible-name" translatable="yes">Styled Text Editor</property>
    </object>
  </child>
</object>

Focus and tooltip

  • Think on focus for button.
<object class="GtkToggleButton" id="togglebutton1">
  <property name="visible">True</property>
  <property name="can_focus">True</property>
  <property name="has_focus">True</property>
  <property name="is_focus">True</property>
  <property name="receives_default">True</property>
  <property name="active">True</property>
  <property name="draw_indicator">True</property>
</object>
  • Think on tooltip.
<property name="has_tooltip">True</property>
<property name="tooltip_text" translatable="yes">Display a tooltip</property>

Into python

ATK object

# mark the root of this window with its PID so we can easily identify it
# as this app
root_atk = atk.get_root()
root_atk.set_description(str(os.getpid()))
label_acc = label_widget.get_accessible()
entry_acc = entry.get_accessible()
label_acc.add_relationship(atk.RelationType.LABEL_FOR, entry_acc)
entry_acc.add_relationship(atk.RelationType.LABELLED_BY, label_acc)

Focus

Sample for setting the focus on the date field if that date field is empty:

def _post_init(self):
    date = self.top.get_object('eer_date_entry')
    if not date.get_text_length():
        date.grab_focus();

Validate

Accerciser provides an AT-SPI Validator Plugin #5313.

Bugs and feature requests

  • #2519: Pressing 'Enter' should normally activate OK
  • #3069: GtkTreeView is very slow / crashes with Assistive Technologies / ATK / a11y enabled
  • #5301: ATK support
  • #5308: Review focus on Editors with toggle buttons
  • #5309: Review ValidatableMaskedEntry for a better Accessibility support
  • #5310: Missing Date field on MediaRef Editor
  • #5312: Make tooltip on date edition toggle button consistent
  • #5313: AT-SPI issues
  • #5314: Missing Tags environment on MediaRef Editor
  • #5320: Privacy icon/button is not consistent
  • #5349: Filter and "Quick Filter" are not applied when you press [Enter]
  • #5350: Focus on the "Quick Filter" field is lost after clicking on "Find"
  • #5351: Focus on event window should be set to "Event type" by default

Related pages